So the opponents' tactics seemed quite successful: the content of the Bonnefous Plan was not really discussed, civil aviation was more or less excluded from the discussion and, most important, supranationality
(4) Assured outcomes are quite frequent in EU negotiation processes, partly because of mechanisms such as supranationality
and the continuous nature of the process.
This of course raises the question of whether the WTO should remain a purely member-driven organisation or whether some sort of 'supranationality
' at least in terms of process and co-right of initiative should be given." Mr Lamy added that "there is no alternative to strengthening the formal powers of the Director-General, if we want to avoid paralysis".
This contradiction is something that should be carefully watched as it c ontains the possibility of a conflict between the principle of national sovereignty (and non-intervention in the internal affairs of a member country) and that of increased supranationality
implied by 4(h): "[T]he right of the Union to intervene in a Member State pursuant to a decision of the Assembly in respect of grave circumstances, namely war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity".
Congress, who have accused international secretariats of having ambitions of supranationality
. In the case of the UN, it has also fed the perverse notion that there is nothing wrong with the world body but its member states.
To be sure, centralization or supranationality
may facilitate an internationalization of political authority, and the latter may even create some incentives for it.
In that sense, the Vatican supports the idea of supranationality
and gradual global integration of churches through joint social activities (with the aim of evangelization), while the SOC to larger extent was and still is theologically and "nationally" directed, insisting on church criteria of dialogue and cooperation.
Those who dislike the drift of power in the EU towards inter-governmentalism, and away from supranationality
, may oppose some proposed measures.
-- in this case the process through which a trinational body whose powers are agreed upon could have preeminence over domestic legislative bodies -- seemingly posed a threat to Mexican sovereignty.
European governmance is thus marked not only by reversed intergovernmentalism but, more importantly, by a test synthesis of supranationality
--the European integration process means a weakening of the State, This is obvious in the moment in which a supranational body is established: supranationality
means "transfer of sovereignty" and sovereignty is exactly the main characteristic of the State.