strategy, approximation strategy, and supranationalism
means rule by technocrats, supposed experts who are not elected, without democratic control.
--."Is the European Commission a 'Hothouse' for Supranationalism
? Exploring Actor-Level Supranationalism
," Journal of Common Market Studies 45:5 (2007): 1111-1133.
The Netherlands, tabling the failed 'Maastricht Proposal' two decades ago, is now one of the more hesitant countries as far as further integration and enhanced supranationalism
Similar to the EU, Mercosur has always flirted with supranationalism
. Social and political sectors have often questioned the intergovernmental option, advancing that supranational institutions and the majority rule would be perhaps be best fit to respond to international challenges.
, occurs when Member States cede some of their
The early ecological movement began in the late 18th century with the cult of the picturesque landscape and was taken up in the ensuing century by German Romantics, becoming part of a heady Heimatlichkeit, a bundle of mystical, traditionalist, and agrarian impulses that fed into an emerging Grossdeutschland supranationalism
. Protection of the soil became in some way also protection of the soul--the national soul, Blut plus Boden--and endeavors were made to protect landscapes, folk customs, and threatened species, even to the extent of trying to breed back the auroch, the extinct ancient kine of central Europe.
concentrates the power to make decisions at a level above that of the member states.
MASON, THE EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL COMMUNITY: EXPERIMENT IN SUPRANATIONALISM
13 (1955) (citation omitted).
"Nation states are being dismantled--by supranationalism
from above, by multiculturalism from below," writes Bauder (Leiden Law School, the Netherlands), who proceeds to argue that representative government, the rule of law, and the social and economic advantages of globalization can only be realized through strong, sovereign nation states and to suggest "multicultural nationalism" as a proper middle ground between multiculturalism and closed, isolated nationalism.
Universalists believe that the "elements of supranationalism
and efficacy" in international law and its institutions can be "extremely powerful" tools that "might influence or even restrain the Hobbesian order established by the politics of States." Leila Nadya Sadat & S.