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A U.S. federal program dedicated to cleaning and/or removing environmentally hazardous sites in the United States. Superfund works with state, local and tribal governments to clean brownfields and to eliminate hazardous waste, whether it was dumped purposely, accidentally or even legally.
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The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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The goal of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, better known as the Superfund Act, is to clean up the nation's hazardous waste sites.
At least 40 states have statutes paralleling the Federal Superfund Act. Under some of these statutes-the "superlien statutes"-the state has a first-priority lien on the property of the party identified as responsible for cleanup costs incurred by the state.
The Federal Superfund Act imposes "joint and several" strict liability on hazardous-waste generators and transporters and on a broad range of persons who can be characterized under Superfund as past or present owners or operators of hazardous-waste sites.
The $7 million civil penalty includes $3.5 million to be paid to the United States for violation of federal environmental laws, including the Superfund Act, with another $3.5 million going to Missouri for violation of state statutes, including the Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Law.
And the citizen suit provisions of the Clean Air, Clean Water, Endangered Species, and Superfund Acts gave Americans unprecedented power.
A feature shared by all state and federal Superfund acts is a cause of action to allow the government to recover funds expended in remediation.

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