II anno Summi Pontificatus
XXVI, die 3 iulii 2004, videntibus Em.mis ac Rev.mis D.nis Antonio Maria Card.
Su primera Enciclica, Summi Pontificatus
, se recibio en la Alemania de Hitler como un ataque velado al nazismo al criticar la idolatria del Estado (pp.
La Iglesia catolica reivindica la labor educativa de los padres, especialmente en las enciclicas que combaten el totalitarismo, verbigracia, Summi Pontificatus
(1939) y Mit brennender Sorge (1937).
Pius XII (1938-58), in Summi pontificatus
(1939), strongly reaffirmed his predecessor's teaching on the dignity of conscience, saying that the State must recognize the rights of conscience as "sacred and inviolable." (16) He repeated the priority of divine law over civil law (SP, 53), and he deplored the evils he saw in the world around him as due to "the denial and rejection of a universal norm of morality as well for individual social life as for international relations" (SP, 28).
As Pope Pius XII, a seasoned diplomat of the first half of the twentieth century, notes in his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
(31) Unlike the Humani, however, this encyclical barely mentioned the word "race." Yet, also unlike the Humani, the overwhelming tenor of the Summi Pontificatus
accentuated the unity of mankind.
In his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
(October, 1939), in his Christmas addresses, in his radio appeals, in his allocution to the College of Cardinals on June 2, 1943, Pius XII condemned race-based murder, and thus came to the clear, public defence of European Jews--a fact recognized at the time, even if it is generally ignored or denied today.
also fails to mention that Pius XII used the most appropriate arguments of his predecessor's letter against racism in his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
The argument that Rychlak uses to make his case can be summarized as follows: (1) Pius XII's first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
(Darkness Over the Earth), made clear his opposition to Nazism, racism, and antisemitism.
In his memoirs, Huit Ans au Vatican ("Eight Years at the Vatican," 1947), Francois Charles-Roux, the French Republic's Ambassador to the Vatican, described Pius XII's first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
, issued on October 20, 1939, as a condemnation of "exacerbated nationalism, the idolatry of the state, totalitarianism, racism, the cult of brutal force, contempt for international agreements ...
Much more controversially, the document celebrated Pius XII not only for warning, in his very first encyclical (Summi Pontificatus
),  against theories which "denied the unity of the human race and the deification of the State," but for "all that he had done" either personally or through representatives to save hundreds of thousands of Jewish lives." (53).