La Iglesia catolica reivindica la labor educativa de los padres, especialmente en las enciclicas que combaten el totalitarismo, verbigracia, Summi Pontificatus
(1939) y Mit brennender Sorge (1937).
Pius XII (1938-58), in Summi pontificatus
(1939), strongly reaffirmed his predecessor's teaching on the dignity of conscience, saying that the State must recognize the rights of conscience as "sacred and inviolable.
As Pope Pius XII, a seasoned diplomat of the first half of the twentieth century, notes in his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
Yet, also unlike the Humani, the overwhelming tenor of the Summi Pontificatus
accentuated the unity of mankind.
Leon XIII promulgo, el 25 de mayo de 1899, la enciclica Annum Sacrum, en la que recomienda la practica de la devocion al Sagrado Corazon, y algunos de sus sucesores hicieron lo propio, en especial Pio XI, en su enciclica Miserentissimus Redemptor, del 8 de mayo de 1928, y Pio XII, en sus enciclicas Summi Pontificatus
, del 20 de octubre de 1939, Mystici Corporis, del 29 de junio de 1943, y Haurietis Aquas, del 15 de mayo de 1956.
In his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
(October, 1939), in his Christmas addresses, in his radio appeals, in his allocution to the College of Cardinals on June 2, 1943, Pius XII condemned race-based murder, and thus came to the clear, public defence of European Jews--a fact recognized at the time, even if it is generally ignored or denied today.
also fails to mention that Pius XII used the most appropriate arguments of his predecessor's letter against racism in his first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
The argument that Rychlak uses to make his case can be summarized as follows: (1) Pius XII's first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
(Darkness Over the Earth), made clear his opposition to Nazism, racism, and antisemitism.
In his memoirs, Huit Ans au Vatican ("Eight Years at the Vatican," 1947), Francois Charles-Roux, the French Republic's Ambassador to the Vatican, described Pius XII's first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
, issued on October 20, 1939, as a condemnation of "exacerbated nationalism, the idolatry of the state, totalitarianism, racism, the cult of brutal force, contempt for international agreements .
Pius XII's October, 1939, encyclical, Summi pontificatus
, renewed Bell's optimism.
It was never published, but it is said the pope borrowed from it for his own first encyclical, Summi Pontificatus
, although he steered clear of LaFarge's stronger sections on anti-Semitism.
Nos igitur super hoc prout ex debito summi pontificatus
officii tenemur oportune providere volentes, motu proprio non ad alicuius nobis super hoc oblate peticionis instanciam, tam predictum, quam omnia alia et singula dicte civitatis statuta et ordinationes in detrimentum Archiepiscopi et curie necnon contra libertatem huiusmodi quomodolibet hactenus facta et ordinata et de cetero, quod absit, forsan fienda et emananda, quorum omnium tenores presentibus haberi volumus pro express's, auctoritate apostolica ex certa scientia harum serie cassamus, revocamus et annulamus, nulliusque volumus existere roboris vel momenti et