Boursa Kuwait recently completed the required adjustments for its upcoming projects, including short selling, REITs, stock lending
and borrowing, allowing market makers to use treasury stocks.
judge ruled that Goldman Sachs (GS), JPMorgan (JPM), and four other big banks must face an antitrust lawsuit by investors who alleged that they banks conspired to restrict competition in the nearly $2T stock lending
market, Reuters reports.
Participating in stock lending
programs, digital distribution and best execution are other ways to continue to bring down costs for investors.
Analysts say FTSE's and MSCI's decisions will rest on whether foreign investors feel the current level of opening is sufficient, given the 49 per cent foreign ownership limits and investor qualification requirements; in addition, some of the market framework changes such as stock lending
and short-selling have yet to be tested.
Because many issuers of physically backed ETFs lend the investors' stock out to other stock lending
desks to be used by professional market participants to settle short trades or to arbitrage market anomalies.
Banks are alleged to have used EquiLend, a stock lending
platform they own, to 'prevent participants from accessing marketplaces where they could benefit from direct, all-to-all trading and thereby secure themselves the best prices.'
Aspects of market infrastructure such as the establishment of a custodian, making provisions for short selling, stock lending
and developing products such as exchange traded funds (ETFs) and hedge funds are also areas that require attention.
A broad range of other initiatives is on schedule, such as the introduction of a T+2 settlement cycle, the launch of a junior market for SMEs, stock lending
and derivatives trading."
BSE and NSE currently provide trading in equity, debt instruments, equity derivatives, currency derivatives, interest rate futures, mutual funds and stock lending
and borrowing among others.
The paper also considers additional information that may be provided by activity in the Brazilian stock lending
market, as a determinant of trading activity in the spot stock market.
The TWSE has already introduced policies regarding stock lending