106) The statute of frauds
has operated to consolidate only the formalizing rules for contracts and gifts of real property, and for suretyships, which ordinarily operate as enforceable contracts, even when they are gratuitous, (107) all of which require a signed writing.
The provisions of the Statute of Frauds
at issue in the email cases are those related to the two formal requirements for compliance, a note or memorandum and signature, "unless the agreement upon which the action is brought, or some memorandum or note thereof is in writing and signed by the party to be charged therewith or some person thereunto by him lawfully authorized.
There, the court said that because the transaction was not subject to Article 9 and obviously not subject to the statute of frauds
requirement in UCC section 2-201 because it was not for the sale of goods, that left only the statute of frauds
requirement in section 1-206.
Although a long accepted tenet of contract law, the Statute of Frauds
has not escaped exceptions and relaxation.
If the name of the signing party is only typed at the bottom of the communication is the contract signed for the purposes of the Statute of Frauds
or the Sale of Goods Acts?
How does the UCC statute of frauds
apply to EDI transactions?
The remaining twenty-seven states have enacted formalizing rules for contracts to make wills, either grafted into the statute of frauds
or set out in a freestanding statute.
To close this loophole and promote a liquid, fair and efficient trading environment for syndicated loans, the LSTA is pursuing a legislative initiative to amend the law in New York to exempt from the Statute of Frauds
oral agreements for the sale or participation of commercial loans, trade claims and private notes.
Lenders will, however, continue to fight those efforts by relying on old, new, and arcane doctrines such as the statute of frauds
and the parol evidence rule.
The foregoing is clearly not foolproof, but provides a quick checklist which may be helpful when you need to create a document which will potentially satisfy the Statute of Frauds
, provide proof of the fundamental terms of the agreement, and demonstrate that the parties were in agreement on all of the essential elements of the contract.
of Montana) offers explanations of both correct and incorrect answers in the "murky" areas of these laws, and covers such exam topics as the Uniform Commercial Code, the scope of Article 2, the Parol Evidence Rule, the Statute of Frauds
and remedies for both buyers and sellers.
New York's Statute of Frauds
requires a signed writing for many commercial transactions, but specifically exempts licensed real estate brokers from its requirements.