In addition, a sobering finding from longitudinal research is that when interventions have stopped at the end of first grade, students' standard scores
slid such that by the end of third grade, nearly a third of students read below the 30th percentile (Vellutino et al.
To illustrate, sample rationales for raw scores include: "In preparing the data for analysis, raw scores from the PPVT-R were used instead of the customary Standard Score
Equivalent because the former have not had age factored out; thus, differences based on straightforward ability may be more apparent" (Cunningham & Graham, 2000, p.
Calculations for the standard scores
of the quality indicators and the actual scores of various clinical departments
4 Table 3: Students' average standard score
and creativity index values Student No.
While the general public might not be too alarmed at such a rate because it appears to be close to a high school level, an examination of the standard scores
underscores the significance of this low level.
During baseline ratings on the PKBS of Nathan's Social Skills and Problem Behaviors received a standard score
of 85 and 132, respectively, indicating a significant deficit in social skills and significantly elevated levels of disruptive behaviors in the classroom.
Selection criteria for participants required that WISC-III scores and WRAT-R reading and spelling standard scores
fall within normal limits, so that math performance was the main discriminator between the two samples.
While educators cheered the progress in meeting the growth targets, they were quick to point out that most schools were miles away from meeting the 800 standard score
The long-term investment, worth about pounds 1m a year, will establish a standard score
for customer service across the group and a performance target against which every dealership will be measured.
2 standard score
points higher on the Social Skills scale posttest than those at the comparison school.
Although not a measure of overall language ability, the PPVT-III does give a standard score
that estimates a child's receptive language ability.
The average number of sets completed by the 50 subjects was once again nonsignificant, but the mean overall standard score
based on the RNG output was suggestively above chance (p = .