Standby Letter of Credit

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Standby Letter of Credit

Documents evidencing failure of the bank's customer (the applicant) to pay an obligation when due.

Standby letter of credit

Agreement to guarantee invoice payments to a supplier; a standby LOC promises to pay the seller if the buyer fails to pay.

Standby Letter of Credit

A statement issued by a bank to the buyer of a good stating that the seller will receive payment on time and in the correct amount. If the buyer fails to make payment, the bank will do so on his/her behalf. The buyer presents a letter of credit to the seller, which virtually eliminates the risk that the seller will not be paid. Letters of credit have become very common in international commerce, as distance and other factors make it difficult for sellers to establish the creditworthiness of every buyer.

standby letter of credit

Usually shortened to standby or to LOC. It is the agreement by a lender to disburse funds to a third party if the lender's customer defaults on its obligations to that third party (called the beneficiary).

Rather than pay a large security deposit for a lease, a tenant might offer the landlord a standby letter of credit (LOC) issued by the tenant's bank. For all but the most exceptionally credit-worthy customers, the bank will usually require cash collateral in the form of a certificate of deposit or comparable asset.

The issuance fee is generally in the range of 1/2 to 2 percent per year for the issuance of the standby,which should be less than the money earned by the cash collateral.

The LOC will usually specify the exact manner in which the beneficiary must collect funds, such as presentation of the original LOC at a certain branch location to a particular officer at that location, accompanied by a statement regarding the customer's default. Normally, the statement must be worded exactly in the manner specified within the body of the LOC and any paraphrasing at all will result in denial of payment.The LOC will also have a date and time of expiration.

Landlords (or anyone else) accepting standby letters of credit should be aware that the law in this area is very precise in its requirements.In many states,minor errors in wording the documents presented in order to collect on a letter of credit might result in the bank's legally justifiable refusal to pay. Presenting documents to the wrong person, or at the wrong location, could result in refusal to pay.That refusal might not be curable because of the expiration of the time limits within which to make the claim.The better practice is to pay a lawyer with good malpractice insurance to review the documents and prepare the request for payment.

References in periodicals archive ?
LONDON: Bachmann & Welser Capital Group is an established, independent and well-funded Monetiser of Stand-by Letters Of Credit and Medium Term Notes.
Under the terms of the Senior Facility, as of April 30, 2017, the Company had gross availability of approximately $58.9 million, advances of $13.4 million, stand-by letters of credit of $0.4 million and net availability of approximately $45.1 million.
Its lending products comprise revolving and non-revolving lines of credit, term loans, working capital support, business loans for other short term and seasonal needs, secured stand-by letters of credit, commercial real estate loans and construction loans, as well as small business administration and USDA business and industries loan programmes.