Since the deviation from the modified Colebrook-White equation (in both cases of smooth and rough pipes and for the Re<2000 * 108) is less than 0.068 percent, using the trial and error method in spread sheets
, the following equation for calculating fanning factor, which gives a precise answer in Moody's diagram, is extracted:
The prioritized spread sheet
needed when a carrier or TPA reorganizes should contain 10 areas of information, according to Owen.
"When I came here full-time 10 years ago, virtually everything was done by hand - manual posting of entries, work sheets and spread sheets
. Now we are up to speed, with about 85% of our work automated."
Word processors and spread sheets
were the strongest categories in the first quarter, with sales of $249.4 million and $189 million, respectively.
Vast amounts of time and energy are wasted moving from A/R reports to spread sheets
to word processors in order to prioritize problems and solve them.
No longer must you pore over single maps or study pages of columnized data and spread sheets
. Maps of the entire world are contained on four CD ROMS available from the U.S.
"I like the Quatro Pro program because it simplifies everything I do--I can do spread sheets
for a million dollar program budget much more easily.
Data from these calibration studies are stored in LOTUS spread sheets
and a dBase data file.
My prediction is that this area of knowledge will make what has come before it pale by comparison - it will become even more important than the use of spread sheets
and word processors.
Was it overly narrow?" Rattner asked Altman whether investment bankers ever lifted their noses from their spread sheets
. He was a young man who had lived abroad and traveled widely.
Due to all this first-hand knowledge, it was a surprise to read Lora Cecere's recent Forbes magazine article titled Bumps, Cracks and Opportunities reporting that large manufacturing companies, having spent a fortune on MRP systems, in this case SAP and JDA, still use spread sheets
and other patches to get through the day.”