In less than a year, the market operator of the Wholesale Electricity Spot Market
(WESM) is having its second president in Engineer Jose Mari T.
Due to the rising popularity of AMAs, the spot market
has become thin.
ICE Endex operates the natural gas spot markets
in Belgium, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom as well as the natural gas storage markets in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
In this paper, we establish a decision making model from the perspective of the firm who will procure from the multiple suppliers and the spot markets
. The suppliers are unreliable and provide different types of option-type supply contracts which should be made before demand realization, while the spot market
can only be used after demand realization and has both the price and liquidity risks.
Belgium imported 6.1m tonnes in 2011, up from 2.8m in 2007, some of which was re-exported through recently-expanded storage facilities at Zeebrugge port, designed to support the development of an LNG spot market
Belgium imported 6.1 million tons in 2011, up from 2.8 million in 2007, some of which was re-exported through recently-expanded storage facilities at Zeebrugge port, designed to support the development of an LNG spot market
The lead-lag analysis by Thenmozhi (2002) showed that the returns on futures lead the spot market
The sale of a futures contract, in conjunction with the purchase of a commodity in the spot market
, allows a handler to borrow a commodity now and repay it later.
Ultimately, the widgets would be sold in the spot market
in December, when the widget futures contract would be liquidated.
But it's true that a sort of blind faith in markets--academic blind faith in the spot market
, to be more precise--helped turn the lights out in California.
A trading centre able to reflect the fundamentals of the Asian crude oil market adequately must be located in the heart of Asia and must begin with a spot market
for physical crude oil - or wet oil.