Manipulation

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Manipulation

Dealing in a security to create a false appearance of active trading, in order to bring in more traders. Illegal.

Manipulation

The attempt or act to artificially change the price of a security or a market movement with the intent to make a profit. One example is wash selling, in which an investor both sells then quickly re-buys the same security, hoping to create the impression of increased trading volume, and therefore raise the price. Another is churning, in which an investor makes both buy and sell orders through different brokers to create the impression of increased interest in the security and raise the price. Manipulation can be used to both increase and decrease prices, depending on the investor's perceived needs. Manipulation is illegal under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. See also: Antitrust, Fix.
References in periodicals archive ?
Physicians are traditionally wary of spinal manipulation (applying pressure on bones and joints), in part because the practitioners are often not doctors and also because a few chiropractors have claimed they can address conditions that have little to do with the spine.
Most treatments whether they be NSAIDs or muscle relaxants or spinal manipulation therapy have, on average, small effects," Shekelle said.
In the authors' opinion, if the medical practitioner decides to utilize SMT the following criteria should be met (Table 1): the practitioner has assessed for any red flags, there is limited time for the intervention, there is a pre-existing relationship between patient and practitioner, the patient is familiar with spinal manipulation, and the rules surrounding informed consent have been satisfied.
In this narrative study focus two interventions of LBP; massage and spinal manipulation.
Currently, NICE recommends the use of a complementary and alternative treatment in a limited number of instances, including: Alexander Technique for Parkinson's disease; ginger and acupressure for reducing morning sickness and acupuncture and manual therapy, including spinal manipulation, spinal mobilisation and massage for persistent low back pain.
Evidence obtained from systematic reviews and some individual randomized controlled trials favors the use of neck-strengthening exercise, ergonomic interventions, TENS, low-level laser therapy, epidural steroid injections, cervical collars with physical therapy, spinal manipulation with or without exercise, acupuncture, and probably massage and traction.
Spinal manipulation has been practiced for thousands of years, and modern chiropractic care is more than a century old.
The Dynamic Chiropractic Centre is a well known clinic that specializes in a wide variety of services including spinal manipulation, ultrasound therapy, ART (Active Release Techniques), besides several kinds of massage therapy in Mississauga.
The role of teaching spinal manipulation in New Zealand and other parts of the world has been led by Michael Monaghan.