A study of the sinusoidal waveform
definition needs to be done for the selection of the optimization method that will be used with the aim of obtaining an approximate solution.
The tip is steered with a sinusoidal waveform
with the current boundary point ([r.sub.i]) as the starting point.
At this point, we will derive the expressions of M(t)'s due to other AC waveforms by using that due to the sinusoidal waveform
, i.e., (19), as the basis.
The third method is the comparative method (CM), which is based on the comparative of standardised sinusoidal waveforms
where [L.sup.S.sub.eff] is the effective length of a sinusoidal waveform
which has the area equal to a haversine pulse with effective length of [L.sup.H.sub.eff].
As shown in Figure 3, the output signal is a periodic signal, like sinusoidal waveform
. In normal immunity measurement, the peak to peak amplitude of the output signal is compared with the reference signal to judge if the failure criterion is exceeded.
In general, the total energy of a chirp pulse or titlet c(t) of length [T.sub.ch] can be written in the time domain as [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], which leads to [E.sub.tot] = ([A.sup.2]/2)[T.sub.ch] for the long duration sinusoidal waveform
. According to the Parseval's theorem, the total energy in the frequency domain must be the same as in the time domain .
This analogy suggests that when a three-cycle sinusoidal waveform
is sampled with 32 points, each one of the sampled points has an individual primary phase within 2[pi] radian.
The results have been illuminating, when translated into a sinusoidal waveform
. Physicists divide the merger process into three stages: inspiral, merger, and ringdown.
The waveforms thus obtained by using the above setup gives sinusoidal waveform
as shown in Fig.6.
It defines standardised flow conditions, specified to reflect an adult breathing pattern: 500 mL tidal volume; sinusoidal waveform
; 15 cycles per minute; 1-to-1 inhalation/exhalation ratio.
Its sinusoidal waveform
and I:1 inhalation/exhalation ratio specifically conforms to a recently draft European monograph.