3), when the number of attacks towards single individuals are combined (to compare mating pairs with an equal prey size of single bugs), the mating pair experienced a significantly higher attack rate (paired t 5.4, df 15, P = 0.001).
Ants attempted to bite a mating pair significantly more often than they did two single individuals combined, indicating that the higher predation rate towards a pair was not only an effect of prey area but also because it was preferred by the ants.
of nonaggressive visits 2.5 [plus or minus] 0.5 3.6 0.003 Time of first attack (min) 2.7 [plus or minus] 0.6 2.4 0.027 (+.)Only the shortest time to any of the single individuals is included.
Although private consumption is not observable within the household, if it were then individual data would be less useful as there would be problems in observing how single individuals would value the household public good.
Firstly, information on individual preferences is obtained directly by observing the behaviour of single individual households and estimating the model simultaneously for married households and single individual households.
Data on the behaviour of single individual households can be used in different ways.
Taxable retirement benefits $10,000 Tax-free interest 4,800 One-half of SS benefits 12,100 Total $26,900 Threshold amount at 50% 25,000 Excess $1.900 50% of excess $ 950 As single individuals, John and Jane would have AGIs of $10,950 ($10,000 taxable retirement benefits, plus $950 of includable Social Security benefits).
That is, as a married couple, $14,330 of Social Security benefits would be included in their AGI, as compared to $1,900 (2 x $950) as single individuals. This difference of $12,430 ($14,330 - $1,900) at the 10% marginal tax rate is equal to $1,243.
The income tax rate reaches 39.6% for estates and trusts with taxable income exceeding $8,350, versus $278,450 for married persons filing jointly or single individuals
(using 1998 rates) .
are allowed an annual maximum deduction of $50,000 of section 1244 loss ($100,000 for married individuals filing jointly).
If you are a single individual
or if you know of one, who would like to live on a homestead farm that is also an animal sanctuary, write me and we'll take it from there.