Created by the Single European Act
, its function is to provide the EU a way to develop projects that promote economic and social cohesion.
The Treaty on European Union amended the Treaty of Rome (1957)--as previously amended by the Single European Act
(1986)--by renaming it the Treaty Establishing the European Community.
The use of qualified majority voting introduced in the Single European Act
has become more common.
European integration has taken two major strides since the mid-1980s: the Single European Act
(SEA), implemented in 1987, and the Treaty on European Union (TEU), which took effect in 1993.
95-128; Andrew Moravcsik, "Negotiating the Single European Act
," in Keohane and Hoffmann, The New European Community; and David R.
First, in common with the pregnant workers and working time directives (items 4 add 12, respectively), it has a basis in Article 118A of the Single European Act
(SEA), which, as we have seen, provides for qualified majority voting in the case of measures that seek to "harmonize" (or standardize) and upgrade health and safety conditions.
The Treaty of Rome, the Single European Act
and the Maastricht Agreement are explained.
A crucial turning point occurred with the adoption of the Single European Act
, ratified in 1988.
Prior to the Single European Act
taking effect in 1987, there were no legal provisions for community environmental action.
The Treaty of Rome and the Single European Act
are still in place, the ability of the EC Court of Justice to make further progress through its decisions remains unchanged, the EC continues make progress toward achieving ambitious single-market targets and the outcome of a summit meeting of EC leaders held in Edinburgh in December 1992 indicates solutions can be found for many of the problems raised by Maastricht.
The program for creating a single European market by the end of 1992 was a product of the Single European Act
which was signed by the 12 members(1) of the European Communities in 1986.
In 1987 the Single European Act
amended the Treaty of Rome to include a section on the environment thereby establishing the legal status of the EC environmental policy.