Those players who are less likely to sign a subsequent contract have a greater level of shirking
throughout the contract period.
11) The economic meaning of the two categories--the employed but shirking
and the unemployed-is identical in the model: the person does not produce anything.
2002) found no evidence of shirking
on a player's subsequent durability.
To establish whether individual shirking
has occurred in professional sports would require some information about the specific contract and an observation of a drop-off in performance (an inefficient outcome) that might be attributed to actions by the player not in the best interests of the owner.
Yet, Uslaner moves beyond contemporary analyses of shirking
by estimating a multiple-equation model of roll-call behavior, and he also exploits some additional sources, including a CBS poll of Senate incumbents.
Note that a worker caught shirking
receives a zero wage.
In reading this paper, I was curious to know whether there was a simple mapping between its shirking
interpretation and the specific capital basis of other work.
Actions by players that may be considered shirking
stem from multiple sources.
In the absence of unemployment, a worker caught shirking
and subsequently fired could obtain a new job at the market wage without difficulty.
To maintain simplicity, it is assumed that, at any particular time, a worker either works or shirks and that a shirking
worker produces nothing.
Before that law, states had been shirking
their responsibilities so that about a million disabled kids were receiving no education at all, let alone a segregated, inferior one.
Now that they have been caught in non-compliance, it is disturbing that the State is indignantly shirking
its responsibility to protect shoreline environments, and insisting on a bond that the homeowners can never afford to pay," said Berman.