alternative wage in case of getting fired), q the probability of being caught shirking
, b the probability of termination of working post (exogenous, with no relation to effort), u the unemployment rate, and r the rate of interest used for discounting future to present value.
When he intentionally failed to return on time, he was shirking
Agents of a firm, however, will not internalize all of the costs of shirking
: The principal reaps part of the value of hard work by the agent, but the agent receives all of the value of shirking
It's an interesting piece, especially when applied to the shirking
rates of politicians who like to consider themselves average workers in the confines of D.
As noted in the literature, even if a player wished to reduce effort, shirking
within the course of a game may be difficult.
Using his theoretical construct, Feaver's look at civil-military relations during the Cold War reveals, despite "quibbles over how to code and interpret complex concepts like shirking
or expectations of punishment," that the military worked (they expected the costs for shirking
to be high) under intrusive monitoring (costs to do so were low while unintrusive monitoring was not very reliable).
That needs partnership and compromise, not shirking
of responsibilities, or else the town will be left with a white elephant.
This time, the change reduces the number of students a school may test without shirking
On the flipside, Bach credited markets such as Pittsburgh, Miami, Orlando and tampa as dodging the sublease bullet by shirking
the false promises of a "new economy.
It covers mostly skateboard ng but you will find some surfing and snow brucing in there as well It's got a no BS attitude shirking
Lowe of the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis and her colleagues offered a clue to why aged muscle is weaker: In older muscle, a key protein, myosin, is shirking
In particular, it is more difficult (costly) to detect shirking
in larger firms, ceteris paribus.