Toxin

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Toxin

Any poisonous substance a living thing produces as part of its metabolic or other natural process. That is, toxins themselves are not living things, but are produced by living things. Toxins are defined by the Biological Weapons Convention.
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Serotypes and analysis of distribution of Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli from cattle and sheep in the lower North Island, New Zealand.
Shiga toxin 1-induced activation of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and p38 in the human monocytic cell line THP-1: possible involvement in the production of TNF-[alpha].
Either toxin detection with any of several immunoassays or detection of the shiga toxin genes with molecular methods will provide superior detection of the diverse range of EHEC strains.
coli transmission, HMC Director of Medical Education Dr Abdullatif al Khal said, "Shiga toxin producing E.
In the U.S., there are one confirmed and three suspected cases of Shiga toxin E.
These bacteria can produce large amounts of the Shiga toxin and release it into the surrounding environment.
Detection of Shiga toxin Escherichia coli by PCR in cattle in Argentina.
Escherichia coli harboring shiga toxin 2 gene variants: frecuency and association with clinical symptoms.
It has been demonstrated that Shiga toxin induces apoptosis (Sandvig, 2001) The phenomenon of apoptosis begins with striking changes in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus.
The increased risk is likely due to the antibiotic's liberation of shiga toxin, she noted.
Those on how phages contribute to virulence include lambdoid phages and shiga toxin, the prophage arsenal of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium, pathogenic vibrios, Bordetella and mycoplasma phages, mycobacteriophages, phage involvement with bacterial vaginosis, botulism, and diphtheria, and staphylococcal, streptococcal, pneumococcal phages.
coil that produce a molecule known as Shiga toxin can cause a deadly form of food poisoning.