KEYWORDS: Responsive desire, sexual desire, sexual dysfunction, sexual interest/arousal disorder, sexual response cycle
Masters & Johnson, pioneering sex therapists, defined a classic sexual response cycle
in the mid-1960s.
Women and partners need to learn about their sexual response cycle
to prevent unnecessary physical discomfort and unrealistic expectations.
Building on the idea of a natural sexual impulse, the idea of a natural sexual function surfaces, as in Masters' and Johnson's "human sexual response cycle
." Their definition of sexual function was a built-in universal excitement-plateauorgasm-resolution cycle expressed in the timely and proper operation of sexual (reproductive) organs such as vaginas and penises.
The sexual response cycle
as described by William Masters, M.D.
The DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) lists several major sexual dysfunctions characterized primarily by disturbance in sexual desire and changes in psychophysiology associated with the sexual response cycle
. Dysfunctions such as sexual desire disorders and sexual arousal disorders could also have as a functional basis long- term habituation of sexual arousal.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can adversely affect all aspects of the human sexual response cycle
. Obtaining a detailed sexual history in a culturally sensitive manner may facilitate early detection and accurate estimation of SSRI-related sexual dysfunction and can prompt interventions to enhance patients' medication compliance and improve their overall prognosis.
She believed sexual desire incited and initiated the overall sexual response cycle
In terms of the short-term impact of smoking on sexual function, it is important to understand that the physical aspects of the arousal phase of the human sexual response cycle
(i.e., erection in the male, swelling of the clitoris and genital engorgement in the female) requires efficient blood flow to the genital area and that smoking reduces the efficiency of blood circulation throughout the body.
Sexual dysfunction is defined as distress and impairment resulting from a disturbance in sexual desire and the emotional and physiological changes of the sexual response cycle
. (1) Of importance, for sexual dysfunction to be diagnosed, the symptoms must cause distress or interfere substantially with interpersonal relationships and social functioning.
She proposed an important fifth stage to the sexual response cycle
in the late 1970s that she called desire.