Trade unions, civil society organizations and governments of a number of developing countries opposed to imbalances under global free trade shut down the Seattle Ministerial
and the succeeding WTO Ministerial Conferences (in 2003 in Cancun, in 2005 in Hong Kong, etc.).
They blocked one-sided decisions at the WTO's Singapore and Seattle ministerial
meetings and were successful in inserting a modest 'development agenda' in the 2000 Doha Ministerial Declaration.
The Seattle ministerial
of the World Trade Organization ended without decision, and after two decades of the Washington Consensus, developing countries were frustrated at the U.S.-led international financial institutions.
In 1999, around the Seattle Ministerial
events, a broad swath of activists began to realize what trade envoys have long understood: the point of all "free trade" is to flat-out prevent communities of any size (villages, cities, provinces, states, countries) from protecting themselves.
The framework for this came out of the ministerial held in Doha, Qatar, in 2001, following the collapse of the Seattle ministerial
two years earlier.
The choice of subject for this book was occasioned by the abortive Seattle Ministerial
Conference of the WTO (World Trade Organization) of December 1999, which was to have launched a new Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, the so called Millennium Round, including "a full review of dispute settlement rules and procedures under the WRO ...
The original mandate for the Doha Round was adopted in 1999, just before the WTO's Seattle Ministerial
meeting, and was a delicate balance of interests among the EU Member States.
Oh: The phrase itself came out of process prior to and at the Seattle ministerial
conference when developing countries said they were having problems implementing existing agreements from the Uruguay Round [the negotiations which created the WTO in 1995].
The WTO Seattle ministerial
meeting in December 1999 to kick off a new round collapsed due to sharp differences among WTO members on agenda items, especially regarding labor protection, the environment and antidumping.
Since the breakdown of the Seattle ministerial
talks, WTO Director General Mike Moore has repeatedly spoken of the need to drum up support from developing countries, among others, for an early start to the talks.
While the General Council reported favorably on maintaining the international e-commerce tax moratorium, no final decision was reached at the conclusion of the Seattle Ministerial
. (See CRS Report RS20319, Telecommunications Services: Trade and the WTO Agreement, by Bernard A.
Germany under the Christian Democrats has been unhelpful, and the United Kingdom was not enthusiastic about any EU proposal at the Seattle ministerial
conference regarding WTO involvement in labor standards.