The Seattle ministerial
of the World Trade Organization ended without decision, and after two decades of the Washington Consensus, developing countries were frustrated at the U.
In 1999, around the Seattle Ministerial
events, a broad swath of activists began to realize what trade envoys have long understood: the point of all "free trade" is to flat-out prevent communities of any size (villages, cities, provinces, states, countries) from protecting themselves.
The framework for this came out of the ministerial held in Doha, Qatar, in 2001, following the collapse of the Seattle ministerial
two years earlier.
The choice of subject for this book was occasioned by the abortive Seattle Ministerial
Conference of the WTO (World Trade Organization) of December 1999, which was to have launched a new Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, the so called Millennium Round, including "a full review of dispute settlement rules and procedures under the WRO .
The original mandate for the Doha Round was adopted in 1999, just before the WTO's Seattle Ministerial
meeting, and was a delicate balance of interests among the EU Member States.
Oh: The phrase itself came out of process prior to and at the Seattle ministerial
conference when developing countries said they were having problems implementing existing agreements from the Uruguay Round [the negotiations which created the WTO in 1995].
The WTO Seattle ministerial
meeting in December 1999 to kick off a new round collapsed due to sharp differences among WTO members on agenda items, especially regarding labor protection, the environment and antidumping.
Since the breakdown of the Seattle ministerial
talks, WTO Director General Mike Moore has repeatedly spoken of the need to drum up support from developing countries, among others, for an early start to the talks.
His various trips since the Seattle Ministerial
have taken him to hostile territory for WTO advocates.
Gelb, and CRS Report RS20387, The World Trade Organization (WTO) Seattle Ministerial
Conference, by Lenore Sek).
Germany under the Christian Democrats has been unhelpful, and the United Kingdom was not enthusiastic about any EU proposal at the Seattle ministerial
conference regarding WTO involvement in labor standards.
The Seattle ministerial
round was the WTO's third international conference since inception.