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Considering the special case for M = 1, namely, there is only the best-effort traffic, for all the time length [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], the average response times [sigma] of data packets are shorter and the energy saving ratios [gamma] are bigger.
Finance minister said that a vibrant Debt Capital Market will not only diversify investment avenues for investors but will also help in improving saving ratios and enable government to raise financing for crucial infrastructure projects.
As a result, saving ratios will ease back to 5.7%, down from last year's 6.8%.
Van de Ven (2011) uses the FES and selects families with heads aged 25 to show that the saving ratios of those in the lowest income quintile fell steadily during the period of widening income inequality and sharply in the decade before the crisis, see figure 4.
This paper is an attempt to deal with various aspects of rural savings, such as the reliability of rural income and expenditure data, consistency of saving ratio over time, relationship between farm size and saving ratios, rationale of saving behaviour, and the issues regarding the mobilisation of rural savings.
There are, however, two major uncertainties: i) the evolution of household saving ratios and ii) the degree of labour-market slack available over the projection period.
It is revealing to contrast economic income with that used by official statisticians when compiling saving ratios. The real period-to-period budget constraint is:
Hence, household saving ratios could stop falling in most countries and could increase somewhat in the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada where the tightening of monetary policy has been the sharpest.
The results hint that Turks are often concerned with debts rather than low saving ratios, one of the Achilles' Heels of the Turkish economy.
Reduced demand for cash and bond investments - along with lower saving ratios - combine to squeeze rates and yields higher.
With the low domestic saving ratios, Turkey bankrolled its chronic current account deficit with foreign capital inflow, which surged during the years of relative political stability in the country over the last decade.
What is amazing is the divergence in regards to the composition of domestic savings: The public saving ratio has correctly decreased from 4.4 percent to 3.4 percent, given the increase in public consumption, and, as a consequence of this decrease, the private saving ratio has increased from 11.2 to 13.1 percent.