This lack of focus on the rustbelt
cities of Northeast Ohio and Southeast Michigan opens opportunities for further Corridor shifts, as will be discussed in the next section.
WE ALL GREW UP within hiking distance of the city park in Olean, which sat in western New York's southern tier at the crossroads of the rustbelt
and the northernmost foothills of Appalachia.
Hoagland's portrait of America's favorite train-wreck pop star is also indicative of his broader interest in the nation's current political trends, as well as his fondness for what one might call (surely this guy has already fumbled his regrettable way into a poem somewhere) "Joe the Plumber" imagery: the poem "Complicit with Everything" chronicles the misfortunes of "the retired bachelor mailman Bill, // watcher of sports events and CNN atrocities," and "My Father's Vocabulary" begins by tracing its subject's rustbelt
roots: "In the history of American speech, / he was born between 'Dirty Commies' and 'Nice tits.
Louis, Missouri is a declining, rustbelt
city; San Jose, California is a rapidly growing high-technology urban centre.
The idea of sun-belt and rust-belt dichotomies, while interesting, has been widely criticized as being too simplistic, especially when high capital- and skill-intensive industries remain active in rustbelt
regions, and as national supply chains are used to meet the new demands in sunbelt areas.
They cover mapping the new territories; when Americans really built programs to foster healthy lifestyles 1918-40; stadium building from Harvard's innovations to Stanford's Dirt Bowl; the plans for a national stadium and American Olympic desires; the myth of Wrigley Field; stadiums, boosters, politicians, and major league baseball's reluctance to expand after the Second World War; the construction of San Francisco's major league baseball stadiums; stadium dreams and rustbelt
realities in Cleveland; discrimination, jobs, and activism in the construction of Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium; and reflections on the past, present, and future.
The blur of travel--stops in those rustbelt
towns where football replaced good food and lovemaking.
The Higher Education Initiative of Kingsport, Tennessee, has revitalized a formerly depressed rustbelt
region by improving residents' academic outcomes and adapting curricula to meet the workforce needs of the medical technology, health care, and information technology industries now moving to the area.
More needs to be done, but the region is hardly the downtrodden, stuck-in-the-past rustbelt
place that was being portrayed by some in Congress and the national news media.
Ching Kwan Lee, Against the Law: Labor Protests in China's Rustbelt
and Sunbelt, University of California Press, Berkeley, 2007.
This is a region that grew rich and dirty on its heavy industry--cotton, steel and above all coal, before becoming a rustbelt
of abandoned factories and chronic unemployment.
Buckminster Fuller for rebuilding the rustbelt
city of East St.