In this article, we focus on how these products can be priced in a consistent way and discuss under which assumptions (e.g., regarding a liquid underlying market)

risk-neutral valuation can be used.

Not focusing on risks means those who are "

risk-neutral" did not pass along their genes, to the advantage of those who were "risk-sensitive."

On the other hand however, the market implied

risk-neutral sovereign probability of default stands quite low.

In the model, the economy is composed of two kinds of firms,

risk-neutral and risk-averse.

It constructs a

risk-neutral portfolio [PI] composed of the option and the opposite transaction of a certain amount of underlying asset S assuming that the expected return of the underlying asset is a risk-free rate [10].

If, in the agency's opinion the amendment is

risk-neutral from a rating perspective, Fitch may decline to comment.

Uncertainty over irreversible consequences warrants abandonment of

risk-neutral investment policies in the public sector [Arrow & Fisher, 1974].

In most option pricing models, the fair price is determined from the expected value of its cash flow, under a

risk-neutral probability (measure Q), and discounted by a risk-free rate.

[17] use another classification for pricing temperature-based derivatives and add actuarial pricing and extended

risk-neutral valuation in addition to equilibrium asset pricing, where the former is based on Jewson and Brix [18] and the latter on Hull [19] and Turvey [20].

Then, there exists an equivalent martingale measure, Q-measure, which is known as the

risk-neutral measure; see extended Girsanov-type measure transformation in [22].

Zhang, "Cross-sectional analysis of

risk-neutral skewness," Journal of Derivatives, vol.