The Group has successfully delivered on its 'Vision in Action' profitability and solvency targets, recording across the course of this plan an average normalized Return on Equity of 9.5% or 876 bps over the

risk-free rates, and an average solvency ratio of 219%, in the upper part of the optimal solvency range.

Similar

risk-free rates had already been developed for major currencies in other monetary jurisdictions, he noted.

Lower

risk-free rates and house prices also impacted its solvency position, the firm said.

The loan is the first in the pilot the bank is running with a small number of customers, before launching the product to the wider market later this year in response to calls from the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) to accelerate the transition away from LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate) to

Risk-Free Rates by the end of 2021.

Quarles speaks again on "Progress on the Transition to

Risk-Free Rates" from 11:50 ET (Wednesday).

The firm reported investment losses of approximately USD222m mainly because of

risk-free rates and mainly in the US.

Frankfurt am Main: Member of the Executive Board of the ECB Benoit Coeure delivered a speech at the first meeting of the Working Group on Euro

Risk-Free Rates, at the ECB.

In other words, the yield differential observed at the top of this page was largely accounted for by the difference between the Euro and dollar

risk-free rates, which was also the determinant of the cost of (or gain from) currency hedging.

They also noted that in many crises the government bonds (that were used to estimate

risk-free rates) have lost their values (because of high inflation or refusal to pay off the debt).

Because the ERP is the difference between expected stock returns and the

risk-free rate, a high estimate can be the result of expected stock returns being high or

risk-free rates being low.

Benchmark administrators should consult on changes to calculations by the end of next year, while regulators should aim to shift derivatives contracts over to the

risk-free rates by the first half of 2016.

A higher variance of innovations to future consumption growth increases the variance of returns on the wealth portfolio and, hence, of the pricing kernel, leading to a higher equity premium and lower

risk-free rates. Therefore, time variation in the variance of long-run growth ("long-run risk") can be an important factor explaining the variance in risk premia observed in the data.