are frequently relied upon to establish fact probabilities.
If all such studies reported cutoff points, risk ratios
, prevalence rates of abnormal values, precise definition of methods, and the interpretation criteria, then a rational assignment of priority might be possible.
The age-adjusted rates for cancer incidence, on the other hand, show that the Relative Risk Ratio
of Jews to Arabs is higher than the Relative Risk Ratio
for cancer mortality, indicating less early detection among Arabs than Jews (ICDC, 1997: 82).
Major finding: The proportional reporting ratio, similar to the relative risk ratio
, was significant between pramipexole, ropinirole, cabergoline, bromocriptine, rotigotine, and apomorphine on one hand, and a variety of impulse control disorders on the other.
Obesity significantly increased the risk for SSI in all surgical groups except for abdominal hysterectomy, with risk ratios
ranging from 1.62 for knee replacement to 1.87 for large bowel surgery.
Major Finding: At a mean of 5.3 years (for a total HPS follow-up of 11 years), the rate of first vascular events in previously event-free participants was similar in both the initial simvastatin group and the initial placebo (21.7% and 22.5%, respectively; risk ratio
, 0.95), Similar patterns were seen for major coronary events (RR, 0.96), strokes (RR 0.98), revascularization procedures (RR, 0.93), vascular mortality (RR, 0.98), nonvascular mortality (RR, 0.97), and cancer incidence (RR, 0.98).
Its capital to risk ratio
was flat at 14.1% at the end of March 2011 and its tier 1 ratio dropped slightly to 8.1% from 8.2%.
Multivariable log-binomial regression models were fitted to estimate risk ratio
to evaluate the association between electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM) and mortality, while adjusting for age, race, marital status, education, smoking, and the infant's gender.
carotid endarterectomy (8.9% versus 5.8%, respectively; risk ratio
Adjusted risk ratio
estimates (from log-binomial regression models) indicated increased relative risks in association with being fed soy formula during infancy, maternal prepregnancy diabetes, low childhood socioeconomic status, and early birth (at least 1 month before the due date).
The odds of a positive test increased when the following factors were present: admission as an oncology patient (risk ratio
2.7), diarrhea for at least 2 days prior to testing (risk ratio
2.4), and any gastrointestinal symptom (risk ratio