Bias

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Bias

1. In statistics, a circumstance leading to inaccurate results because of conscious or unconscious manipulation of data. Bias is anything that reduces the randomness of the sample being tested.

2. Anything that affects a decision other than facts. For example, a company may be disinclined to expand into an area of town because it is perceived as dangerous, whether or not it actually is. Bias is thought to reduce efficiency. See also: Behavioral economics.
References in periodicals archive ?
This means that the difference between the ideality factors in forward and reverse bias is a function of the condition of active working (temperature, illumination intensity, effective surface area, etc.
The difference of Al/PFIE/Al configuration from others is that the maximum current for both forward and reverse bias decreases with the sweep number, and finally it goes to zero after a certain sweep number.
Significant enhancements include frequency and bias dependent junction capacitance, along with improvements in the diode reverse bias operation and the diode convergence.
Proposed theories should be broad enough to explain the original and reverse bias.
Finally, the reverse bias saturation current of a cell can be obtained by (6)
Almost no current is observed under reverse bias for Sample 2, as can be seen from Fig.
The patterns in the left and right columns show the patterns under forward and reverse bias conditions.
Under reverse bias, this structure creates a "pinch-off" effect resulting in reduced leakage current.
2 kBaud DC power +6 VDC at 650 mA max, 35 mA power save mode, +5 V capable Protection 2A fuse, ESD class 2, reverse bias to -10V, momentary over-voltage to +8 V, open or shorted antenna port Protocol EPC class 1 UHF spec.
These test solutions use sophisticated techniques such as reverse bias pre-charging to sweep extraneous carriers out of junctions and clear leakage paths, which allows more accurate measurement of underlying mechanisms.
1A to 8A, the new lead-less chip form Schottky rectifier diodes are ideal for applications including switch mode power supplies, high frequency rectification, portable battery powered devices, and reverse bias protection.
The connectorized SMA amplifier modules are unconditionally stable and include built-in voltage regulation, bias sequencing, and reverse bias protection for added reliability.