Restrictive Practices Court


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Restrictive Practices Court (RPC)

A union may insist that certain work tasks are undertaken by several employees when arguably a smaller number of workers would be sufficient to perform the tasks (overmanning); efficiency may be impaired by DEMARCATION LINES, laid down by different unions operating in the same plant, which serve to limit job interchangeability See COLLECTIVE BARGAINING.

Restrictive Practices Court (RPC)

the former regulatory body responsible, in part, for the implementation of UK COMPETITION POLICY covering RESTRICTIVE TRADE AGREEMENTS and RESALE PRICES. The responsibilities of the RPC were taken over by the COMPETITION COMMISSION under the COMPETITION ACT, 1998.

Restrictive Practices Court (RPC)

the former regulatory body responsible, in part, for the implementation of UK COMPETITION POLICY. The basic task of the RPC was to investigate and report on cases of

RESTRICTIVE TRADE AGREEMENTS, INFORMATION AGREEMENTS and RESALE PRICE MAINTENANCE referred to it by the OFFICE OF FAIR TRADING (OFT) to determine whether or not they operated against the public interest.

In 1998 the responsibilities of the RPC were taken over by the COMPETITION COMMISSION under the provision of the COMPETITION ACT 1998.

The public interest was broadly equated with the cause of promoting effective competition in the sense that the legislation in this area contained a presumption that competition is generally preferable to COLLUSION. In the case of restrictive agreements and information agreements, all such agreements were presumed to operate against the public interest unless the parties to them could prove otherwise by satisfying one or more of eight ‘gateways’ (that the agreement was beneficial, for example, because it improved efficiency, increased exports or created employment), and only then if the benefits, on balance, outweighed any detriments. Agreements found by the Court to be contrary to the public interest were automatically null and void.

Very few agreements were successfully defended: fewer than 15 in fact. The vast majority of agreements (over 9,000) registered with the OFT were abandoned voluntarily without a formal Court trial. Thus, on the surface, the attack on collusion between suppliers appeared to have been highly successful. However, there is growing evidence to suggest that many agreements had simply been driven underground and were being operated ‘secretly’.

References in periodicals archive ?
Under the new Competition Act, the Restrictive Practices Court is due to be abolished in March 2000, and its powers given to the OFT.
Next March, the Restrictive Practices Court which heard the case will be abolished and its powers transferred to his department.
The decision by the Restrictive Practices Court that BSkyB's exclusive deal with football's Premier League is NOT against the public interest is the right one.
NTL are awaiting the judgment of the Restrictive Practices Court, which is considering a complaint ove current deals for televising Premiership games.
The Restrictive Practices Court began its investigation into resale price maintenance last Wednesday (February 10).
The OFT will begin to argue their case at the Restrictive Practices Court today and it is expected to go on for up to four months.
There was therefore widespread relief in the game when Lord Justice Ferris delivered his ruling in the Restrictive Practices Court to protect the status quo.
NTL, which holds cable franchises in Teesside, East Anglia and parts of Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales, is awaiting judgment by the Restrictive Practices Court in response to a complaint by the Office of Fair Trading over Premier League TV coverage.
The poll comes as the Restrictive Practices Court confirms that it will begin its investigation into price-fixing at the High Court on February 10.
The fate of RPM in the one remaining area where it is permitted (the resale of over the counter pharmaceuticals) will depend on the decision ultimately taken by the Restrictive Practices Court in the current proceedings.
He said the store will be writing to the Office of Fair Trading in a bid to speed up its review of the RPM by the Restrictive Practices Court to decide whether it should be dropped.
However, the implications of the judgment to be delivered by Lord Justice Ferris in the Restrictive Practices Court this afternoon could well be huge.