chain

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Related to Respiratory chain: oxidative phosphorylation

chain

A unit of measurement formerly used in surveying and still seen in deeds with old property descriptions.One chain equals 66 feet.

References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluation of respiratory chain activity in lymphocytes of patients with Alzheimer disease," Metabolic Brain Disease, vol.
One aspect of mitochondria is the generation of reactive oxygen species, or ROS, the main source in the body from oxygen utilization by respiratory chain reactions.
Her team continues to work to explore the many different consequences of mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction in animal models, and ways in which these consequences might themselves be treated.
59) Glycolsis, citric acid cycle and [beta]-oxidation biochemical pathways produce a high potential energy yielding reducing substance (NADH) that enters respiratory chain (RC).
The reduced respiratory chain component, in turn, passes the electron on to other molecules in the respiratory chain until it is finally transferred to [O.
Deficiencies in complex I subunits of the respiratory chain in Parkinson's disease.
The morphological abnormalities were accompanied by reduced activity of respiratory chain complexes II and IV.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), [4] also called ubiquinone, is an essential part of the mitochondrial respiratory chain that transforms energy in the diet to ATP for cellular functions (1).
For example, Tiina Karu, PhD, showed that respiratory chain molecules (such as cytochrome c oxidase) in the mitochondria absorb visible and near-infrared radiation.
The results showed that SMND-309 decreased neurological deficit scores, reduced the number of dead hippocampal neuronal cells in accordance with its depression on mitochondria swelling degree, reactive oxygen species production, improvements on mitochondria swelling, energy metabolism, membrane potential level and mitochondrial respiratory chain complex activities.
The brain is critically dependent on a continuous energy supply generated through oxidative phosphorylation in respiratory chain and is vulnerable to damage by hypoxia (4, 5).