gold standard

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Gold standard

An international monetary system in which currencies are defined in terms of their gold content, and payment imbalances between countries are settled in gold. It was in effect from about 1870 to 1914.

Gold Standard

A system whereby a currency is linked to the value of gold. That is, one would be able to exchange one unit of the currency for so many ounces of gold on demand. The gold standard makes monetary policy independent from policymaker decisions. Many currencies have been linked to gold over the years, most recently under the Bretton Woods System. The gold standard reduces the likelihood of inflation, but tends to cause higher interest rates and renders a country less able to pursue full employment. The gold standard contrasts with fiat money. See also: Cross of Gold, Silver Standard.

gold standard

A monetary system under which a country's money is defined in terms of gold and convertible into a fixed quantity of gold. A gold standard effectively takes monetary policy out of the hands of government policymakers. While use of the gold standard reduces the likelihood of inflation, the accompanying inability to pursue other economic goals, such as full employment or reduced interest rates, has resulted in the gold standard's fall from favor.

Gold standard.

The gold standard is a monetary system that measures the relative value of a currency against a specific amount of gold.

It was developed in England in the early 18th century when the scientist Sir Isaac Newton was Master of the English Mint. By the late 19th century, the gold standard was used throughout the world.

The United States was on the gold standard until 1971, when it stopped redeeming its paper currency for gold.

gold standard

an INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM in which GOLD forms the basis of countries’ domestic MONEY SUPPLY and is used to finance INTERNATIONAL TRADE and BALANCE OF PAYMENTS deficits.

Under the gold standard, EXCHANGE RATES were rigidly fixed in terms of gold. (The gold standard was widely adopted in the 19th century and operated down to the early 1930s.) In theory, the gold standard provided an automatic ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM for eliminating payments imbalances between countries: deficits were financed by outward gold transfers that reduced the domestic MONEY SUPPLY. This in turn deflated (see DEFLATION) the domestic price level, making IMPORTS relatively more expensive and EXPORTS relatively cheaper, thereby reducing the volume of imports and increasing the volume of exports. Surpluses were financed by inward gold transfers, which increased the domestic money supply. This in turn inflated (see INFLATION) the domestic price level, making imports relatively cheaper and exports relatively more expensive, resulting in a fall in the volume of exports and an increase in the volume of imports. In this way, both deficits and surpluses were removed and BALANCE OF PAYMENTS EQUILIBRIUM restored. In practice, however, countries found that a combination of rigidly fixed exchange rates and the complete subordination of domestic economic policy to the external situation was too onerous and opted for more flexible arrangements. See FIXED EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEM, INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND.

References in periodicals archive ?
Applied StemCell said the expanding ARD product catalog provides both singleplex and dPCR pre-validated multiplex reference standards in a diverse set of biorelevant formats, including genomic DNA, FFPE cell blocks, slides and scrolls, as well as matched frozen cell pellets.
It appears that that peak heights in the chromatograms of the reference standard in Fig.
Prevalence of overweight and obesity among female adolescents in Jordan: A comparison between two international reference standards.
Typically, reference standards are calibrated against the primary standards by use of open (free-field) collimated beams, but are generally used with divergent beams of laser light exiting an optical fiber.
Of these studies, the results relating to the tympanic thermometer bias (difference from the reference standard) have varied somewhat, although all studies found a significant difference between the tympanic and reference standard temperature.
In this report, we demonstrate how reference standard misclassification may cause apparent differences in accuracy between subgroups and provide guidance on how to determine whether observed differences might be explained by reference standard misclassification.
March l'Etoile, France 9/11/07--BioMerieux has acquired BTF, a supplier of reference standards for microbiological testing and water control solutions.
This type of proficiency testing is applied for reference standards, gauges and instruments.
The solution provides all of the planning, distribution, inventory management, material fulfillment and certification necessary tO insure that building owners comply with the new building codes spelled out in Local Law 26's Reference Standard 6-1 (RS 6-1).
7 using pH monitoring as the reference standard and 1.
Compared with the reference standard (any positive culture), the Test Pack Plus ADT had 92% sensitivity, 99% specificity, 96% positive predictive value, and 97% negative predictive value.
The load cell is calibrated and traceable to NIST, making it suitable for most high-accuracy applications, including use in the metrology lab and as a reference standard for calibrating other load cells.

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