Credit Rating Agency

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Credit Rating Agency

A company that provides investors with assessments of an investment's risk. The issuers of investments, especially debt securities, pay credit rating agencies to provide them with ratings. A high rating indicates low risk and may therefore encourage investors to buy a security. Additionally, banks may only invest in securities with a high rating from two or more credit rating agencies. The SEC recognizes 10 firms as credit rating agencies; Fitch, S&P, and Moody's are the three most prominent. However, the methods of credit ratings agencies have been subject to criticism. For example, most agencies gave high-risk mortgage-backed securities top ratings until they defaulted at the collapse of the housing bubble.
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More specifically, on the thorny question of limiting the participation of shareholders in different credit ratings agencies (limitation of cross-shareholding), the Council and Parliament have agreed on the following measure: an investor who holds a share of at least 5% in a credit ratings agency will not be authorised to hold shares of 5% or more in anotherratings agency.
A ratings agency must also respect the obligation of transparency if one of its shareholders, who holds 5% or more of its capital, also holds 5% or more of the rated entity.