loss

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Loss

The opposite of gain.

Loss

Extracting less money from a transaction than one put into it. For example, a business' expenses may be $1 million for a year but it may only take in $800,000 in revenue. In such a case, the business has suffered a $200,000 loss. This is not always bad; most businesses lose money in the first few years of operation and this can reduce their tax liability when they do make a profit. However, losses over an extended period of time ultimately result in failure. See also: Gain, Paper Loss, Loss Carryforward, Loss Carryback.

loss

The deficiency of the amount received as opposed to the amount invested in a transaction. Compare gain. See also net loss.

loss

the shortfall between a firm's sales revenues received from the sale of its products and the total costs incurred in producing the firm's output (see BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS). Losses may be of a temporary nature occasioned by, for example, a downturn in demand (see BUSINESS CYCLE) or due to an exceptional level of expenditures (such as the launch of a series of new products). Short-term losses are usually financed by a firm running down its RESERVES or by an increase in borrowings. Losses which are sustained over time typically arise from a firm's poor competitive position in a market (see COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE), and unless competitiveness can be restored market exit or DIVESTMENT may be the only practical way of remedying the situation. See MARKET SYSTEM.

loss

the difference that arises when a firm's TOTAL REVENUES are less than TOTAL COSTS. In the SHORT RUN, where firms’ total revenues are insufficient to cover VARIABLE COSTS, then they will exit from the market unless they perceive this situation as being temporary. In these circumstances, where firms’ total revenues are sufficient to cover variable costs and make some CONTRIBUTION towards FIXED COSTS, then they will continue to produce despite overall losses. In the LONG RUN, however, unless firms’ revenues are sufficient to cover both variable and fixed costs, then their overall losses will cause them to exit from the market. See MARKET EXIT, LOSS MINIMIZATION, PROFIT-AND-LOSS ACCOUNT.
References in periodicals archive ?
The evaluation of any couple with RPL should include a complete history, including their ages and an obstetric, gynaecological, medical, surgical, genetic, social and family history, as well as a physical examination.
3) (BF)-455 G/A promoter region polymorphism is associated with 7-10% higher plasma fibrinogen levels and it could enhance concentration driven enzyme-substrate interactions between thrombin, fibrinogen, and platelets, and thus result in increased intravascular fibrin deposition followed by promotion of placental thrombosis that may lead to increased risk of RPL (21).
A relationship with early pregnancy loss is less clear and may be restricted to specific thrombophilic defects; literature on the association between maternal inherited thrombophilia and RPL occurring in the first trimester is contradictory.
These findings are consistent with previous studies which show that micronutrients and vitamins significantly improve the chances of live birth and thus can be used for women with a history of RPL to help them have a successful pregnancy outcome9-11.
In [11] multipath routing is proposed using cross-layer design that violates original standard specifications of RPL as a lower layer independent routing protocol.
9 Recently several studies have suggested that FVL mutation, through the production of micro thrombosis on placental bed blood vessels, cause low placental perfusion, placental infarction, and is strongly associated with RPL and maternal and foetal complications.
He said: "Central RPL is a business I am familiar with and was an obvious choice for our first acquisition.
2%, respectively, among 1,813 women without RPL (Hum.
The RPL process will now continue, and over the next few years, experienced people in a range of careers can start the process of proving that their years at the post has qualified them at a national level.
1- per cent stake in RPL valued at ` 4,023 crore to prevent a slump in the stock.
Increasingly ePortfolios have been used to assist learners undertake RPL processes (Cameron, 2011).
The initial course (Foundations for Professional Learning, hereafter called EDUC 5138) employed knowledge about professional learning to assist teachers to use their ECE occupational knowledge, including through the lens of generous work to develop RPL claims against four-year ECE graduate proficiency.