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Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.


1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.


The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.


One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

References in periodicals archive ?
The EuroCup Women Quarter-Finals will be contested in a home-and-away format, on March 1, with the return leg on March 8.
WITH Australia, New Zealand and Tonga having now secured places in the quarter-finals after wins last weekend, RLWC 2017 have confirmed the venues they will play at for the first round of sudden death matches.
Whether it was a home or an away quarter-final, I was not really bothered because our home form has not been great in oneday or T20 cricket.
INDIAN Aman Lalwani scored the biggest upset in the Tenth Zain Junior Open Tennis Championship yesterday stunning top seed Tamim Majzoub of Libya 10-2 to book a place in the quarter-finals of the unisex under-10 section.
The Bears' last five appearances at the quarter-final stage, all in the last six years, have ended in defeat, much to the frustration of a succession of coaches, captains and playing units It is certainly hard to find a reason, beyond it being one of those statistical quirks occasionally thrown up in sport, for the string of quarter-final exits.
We want to keep our quarter-final destiny in our own hands, and that means producing the goods against Stade at Welford Road on Sunday," said wing Lloyd.
Verdict: The Irish are nothing if not consistent when it comes to World Cups and you can see them getting through to another quarter-final.
For the first time in the quarter-finals since 1926, all eight teams were from the top division.
Slater clinched the world championship today at the Nova Schin Festival in Brazil, when his main rival for the title, Hawaiian Andy Irons, stumbled in a quarter-final showdown against in-form Australian Nathan Hedge.
In the second quarter-final second seed Nimra Aqeel beat Aqsa by 3-1, the score was 6-11, 11-9, 11-7 and 11-8.
Stade Stade He said: "We know about the quarter-final in the World Cup in '58, so since then it's obviously the biggest game in Welsh football for sure.
They richly-deserved a bonus-point 33-10 win over Ospreys, who went to Devon as group leaders with hopes of a first quarter-final since 2010.