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Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.


1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.


The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.


One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

References in periodicals archive ?
One of the first, with the unique paintwork, has been designed by Jay Kay of chart-regulars Jamiroquai, featuring his trademark buffalo man in silhouette on doors and rear quarter panels.
Jay's car features his trademark Jamiroquai 'buffalo man' in silhouette repeating on the doors and rear quarter panels with the distinctive head logo appearing on the bonnet.
Material from door skins, rocker panels, fenders, and quarter panels is reprocessed into wheel covers.
50 average when production of automobile hoods, trunks, tops, and quarter panels ceased in July, Workers will receive 3-percent annual wage increases in 1989 through 1992, but will no longer be eligible for possible automatic quarterly cost-of-living adjustments.
The rear end has boomerang-shaped lights that stretch into the quarter panels.
It produces doors, quarter panels, hoods, fenders and other stamped parts for the Ford F-250, F-350, Flex, Edge, Focus and Econoline, as well as the Lincoln MKX and MKT.
Upon inspection of his Audi car they discovered five packages hidden in the rear quarter panels, containing approximately 5kg of the drug.
Major components and assemblies not sequenced included A/B/C/D pillars, cowl trim, bezels, handles, quarter panels, garnish panels, rear bumper assembly (both the fascias and beams were for the Explorer) and liftgate panels.
Jay's car features his trademark Jamiroquai "buffalo man" silhouette on the doors and rear quarter panels with the distinctive head logo appearing on the bonnet.
The rear interior space features a full wood floor with bright skid strips and wood bars along the side quarter panels with cargo straps (similar to those found in removal vans) providing a multi-use cargo area.
Compared with Pulse, Sabre is designed for enhanced solvent resistance while maintaining dimensional stability for applications such as fenders and quarter panels.
The model features a redesigned front fascia that should bear resemblance to the new Altima, higher-mount driving lamps, more definition to the Maxima's grille and a rear with redesigned tail lights that stretch further forward onto the quarter panels and quad rectangular exhaust tips that replace the dual oval outlets on the current model.