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Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.


1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.


The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.


One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

References in periodicals archive ?
The time was about 2230 on a Friday night, and we still had a cracked windshield quarter panel.
On these special models, wheels bear the Spirit of Ecstasy on the centre cap, while badging on the radiator, boot and rear quarter panels are finished in red, as on pre-1933 cars.
The black quarter panel flows well with the spoiler.
According to Whitacre, thermoplastics are now candidates for door outer skins, and non-structural quarter panels and rocker panels.
The ``Adam & Eve'' logo, which is a simple silhouette of an apple with the company name in the middle, appears on the hood and the rear quarter panel of Bailey's car.
Panel 60 adhesive also has passed both the FMVSS 208 frontal offset crash test and the FMVSS 301 rear-end crash test with adhesives-only repairs of the roof panel and rear quarter panel, respectively.
The research covers the following segments: bumper/bumper fascia, doorframe, front fender, grill, quarter panel, and rear (trunk, hatch, lift gate, doors).
Tenders are invited for Set Of Half Full Quarter Panel For Rcf/Cn Non Ac Coaches To Rdso Specn.
However, the slot on the rear quarter panel for the sliding door is evident, so people may not be entirely fooled that they're not encountering a vehicle found in elementary school parking lots everywhere.
And as for the panel changes, the rear quarter panel has been retrimmed as has the side glass, and the decklid and spoiler are new pieces.
PZEV Camrys are distinguished by a leaf car sticker placed in the left rear quarter panel window.