The research instrument used in this study was adapted from the Brooks' survey of quality of work life
. It is a self-completion questionnaire with 35 items divided into 4 subscales (a) work life/home life, (b) work design, (c) work context and (d) work the world.
Earlier studies revealed that poor QWL was related to lack of independence to make patient care decisions, increased workload, role conflicts, lack of opportunities for career advancement, low salary, lack of professional autonomy, lack of stakeholders support and insufficient welfare services, attitude of society towards nursing, higher level of education, and longer professional experience which were factors that adversely affected the quality of work life
The second part was Brooks and Anderson's Quality of Work Life
questionnaire that included four domains of quality of working life with 42 questions.
According to Figure 1, the quality of work life
is understood based on a continuum of workers' representations about their work context.
The elements distinguishing the quality of work life
from the larger construct of quality of life include the impact of work on people and organizational effectiveness, as well as participatory organizational problem solving and decision making .
The term "quality of work life
" originated from the concept of open socio-technical system introduced in 1970s that helps to ensure autonomy, interdependence, and self-involvement at work with the idea of "best fit" between technology and social organization.
What is the level of quality of work life
of special education teachers?
Such data could be used for evaluating innovative teaching modalities, developing measures of learning outcomes, measuring faculty workload and quality of work life
, pursuing quality improvement efforts, engaging in strategic planning, and formulating faculty staffing plans.