To develop guidelines for determining materiality, some studies can be done which include qualitative factors
in addition to quantitative factors.
Three real scenarios implying three qualitative factors
were the object of an experimental study carried out with a sample of 44 experienced auditors.
, particularly when viewed from the investor's perspective, may very well indicate that an error that is relatively large in magnitude is, nonetheless, immaterial.
Current GAAP provided examples of such events or change in circumstances are now superseded by the qualitative factors
shown above (see paragraph 350-20-35-3C, as amended).
To determine materiality, consider both quantitative and qualitative factors
like strength of management, relative market share and marketing strategy may also be investment criteria.
KBRA's analysis is based on both quantitative and qualitative factors
and is assessed through a comprehensive review of a public sector toll revenue bond's size and scope of operation, demand assessment, management/regulatory framework, financial profile and security provisions.
The new standard also states that the auditor should reconsider the appropriateness of the initial materiality and related planned procedures if, for example, the auditor becomes aware of additional quantitative and qualitative factors
not initially considered.
The determination of how the data presented for those reporting units should be assessed would consider relevant qualitative factors
and the relationship of the remaining fund reporting units to other appropriate information in the financial statements.
Studies by academics and consultants have done a good job of identifying the qualitative factors
important to investors.
The report includes various median financial ratios by rating category, as well as charts that demonstrate how key qualitative factors
can impact a typical rating range.
Ratings are calculated on the basis of 61 variables across eight core categories: 1) board of directors, 2) audit, 3) charter and bylaw provisions, 4) laws of the state of incorporation, 5) executive and director compensation, 6) qualitative factors
, 7) ownership, and 8) director education.