There is a rapidly expanding list of fluorescent agents which includes near-IR Cy 5.5, turnip green, quantum dots (QDots
), the Alexa dye series, and all kinds of fluorescent proteins.
Multiple nanoparticle formulations capable of traversing the blood-brain barrier into the pons like Qdots
, gold nanoparticles, dendrimers, and liposomes have been studied as a potential tool for therapeutic intervention .
In order to overcome the photobleaching of organic fluorophores, novel inorganic fluorescence semiconductor quantum dots (QDots
) obtain rapid development since 1998 .
* Qualified domestic trusts (QDOTs
) can qualify as foreign trusts.
The legal rules around QDOTs
are complicated and clients must consult with an experienced estate planning attorney.
In addition, same-sex married couples may now utilize marital deduction techniques, such as qualified terminable interest property (QTIP) trusts and qualified domestic trusts (QDOTs
studied in this work are used to label receptors on the surface of lymphocytes and other biological cells.
Since the first demonstrations of their bioapplications in 1998 (1, 2), fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystals, commonly known as "quantum dots" (Qdots
), have been a particularly attractive candidate for analytically sensitive, multiplexed, and quantitative optical imaging.
Special rules apply to a qualified domestic trust (QDOT
); the earliest date on which the decedent's DSUE amount may be included in the applicable exclusion amount of the surviving spouse is the date of the occurrence of the final QDOT
distribution, the death of the surviving spouse, or the earlier termination of all QDOTs
for that surviving spouse: The decedent's DSUE amount may be applied to the surviving spouse's taxable gifts made in the year of the surviving spouse's death.
On the cellular level for Qdots
 and gold nanoparticles  with higher aspect ratios lower internalization efficiency was described accompanied with lower cytotoxicity.
* Property passing to qualified domestic trusts (QDOTs
) or passing to a QDOT
by irrevocable assignment by a noncitizen spouse before the decedent's estate tax return is filed can qualify for the marital deduction.