Public company (redirected from Public companies)
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that has held an initial public offering
and whose shares are traded
on a stock exchange or in the over-the-counter market. Public companies are subject to periodic filing and other obligations under the federal securities laws.
Public Limited Company
A company issuing stocks
, which are traded
on the open market
, either on a stock exchange
or on the over-the-counter
market. Individual and institutional shareholders
constitute the owners
of a publicly-traded company, in proportion to the amount of stock they own as a percentage of all outstanding stock
. Thus, shareholders have final say in all decisions taken by a publicly-traded company and its managers, especially through its annual shareholders' meeting. Publicly-traded companies have greater access to financing than other companies, as they have the ability to issue more stock. However, they are subject to greater regulation: for example, they must file 10-K
reports with the SEC
on their earnings
and they are more likely to be subject to corporate taxes
. A publicly-traded company is also called a public company.
The stock of a public company is owned and traded by individual and institutional investors.
In contrast, in a privately held company, the stock is held by company founders, management, employees, and sometimes venture capitalists.
Many privately held companies eventually go public to help raise capital to finance growth. Conversely, public companies can be taken private for a variety of reasons.