In 1517, the German monk Martin Luther is believed to have nailed his "Ninety-Five Theses" - his personal revolt against Catholicism - to a church door in Wittenberg, Germany, triggering what became known as the Protestant Reformation
In a gesture of unity among Christians, Pope Francis traveled to Sweden on Monday to mark the start of commemorations for the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformations
and the split between Catholics and Lutherans.
Chapter 2, 'He May be a Patron and Receiver of Heretics: Adapting the Principles of Prosecution,' illustrates how the new manuals on inquisitorial law adapted the past encounters with heresy to the new context of the Protestant Reformation
. Chapter 3, 'Word and Deed: Indications of Suspicion,' is twofold: the first section of the chapter examines the polemical literature of Protestant reformers concerning Catholic ritual practice and its impact on the faith of philo-Protestants living in Catholic lands.
Ironically, today one of the most important leaders of the Protestant Reformation
lies buried under what is now parking space #23 next to St.
Sproul provides a religious discussion surrounding scripture, church hierarchy, the papacy, and other sticking points of division, including the very issues that sparked the Protestant reformation
in the first place.
He focuses on the stories of history, rather than facts and dates, and details the wars and diseases of the Middle Ages; the exploration, religious ideas, and monarchies of the Renaissance, including the Protestant Reformation
and the Catholic Counter-Reformation; military and political revolutions, nationalism, the Enlightenment, the Scientific Revolution, the Agricultural Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, the socialist movement, and technological advances; wars of the twentieth century and the Cold War era; and political, economic, and social changes since 1989, including the fall of communism and the global financial crisis.
Spanning as it does four seismic events in European learning, writing and publishing--the Renaissance, the invention of printing, the Protestant Reformation
and the Catholic Counter-Reformation--it is not surprising that this trade not only carried on traditional methods but developed new techniques.
In Scotland there was a real Protestant reformation
from below and it was a Calvinist reformation.
1517: Martin Luther nailed his 95 'theses' to the church door at Wittenberg - a standard university way of presenting a disputation - which proved to be the spark for the Protestant Reformation
. 1940: The Battle of Britain ended with the RAF victorious.
This analogy with the Protestant Reformation
in sixteenth-century Europe is intended to suggest that a similar movement within Islam would counter the fundamentalism of Islamic extremists, strengthen religious freedom, and lead to something like the separation of church and state.
Cities played an important role in the Protestant Reformation
in the Holy Roman Empire.
Only a little of the first fruits of wisdom, only a few fragments of the boundless heights, breadths and depths of truth, have I been able to gather." Martin Luther (1483--1546) was a German priest and professor of theology who initiated the Protestant Reformation