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a court order issued to a person or company requiring them to desist from behaving in ways which are harmful to other people. See CONTRACT, TORT.


A court order requiring a party to do something,or to stop doing something,until further notice.If the party fails to perform according to the injunction, then the party will be required to appear in court, defend his or her actions, and show cause why he or she should not be held in contempt of court.If held in contempt,the party may be ordered to pay a fine,may be jailed until the contempt is cured,or could suffer both consequences.

Injunctions come in three varieties:

1. Temporary restraining order (TRO). Usually obtainable with little or no notice to the defendant, sometimes as quickly as within an hour or so if the complaining party can convince a judge that there is immediate risk of irreparable harm if the restraining order is not issued.

2. Preliminary injunction. Usually issued after a TRO, if the judge decides that an injunction should remain in effect until such time as there can be a full trial on the merits of the case. Failure to obtain a TRO does not mean a judge will not issue a preliminary injunc- tion; it simply means the judge did not agree with the plaintiff's evaluation of the neces- sity for urgent action.

3. Final injunction. The final order issued by a court after it has heard all the evidence and legal arguments for and against the injunction. The order is a final order, from which the parties may appeal.

References in periodicals archive ?
I do not construe the protective order as only protecting proprietary and confidential information," said Judge Feinberg as per the written transcript of the Motion Hearing in the Mercer County Civil Courthouse (Docket MER-L-2691-04).
Protective Orders During Discovery May Be Easier to Obtain, Law.
However, even in cases when a court initially grants an apex protective order, if the responses to the initial discovery are inadequate, courts will modify the protective order and permit the apex deposition to proceed.
A proposed change to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(c) would allow courts to enter protective orders sealing from public scrutiny evidence acquired in discovery - the process by which litigants can demand relevant information from opposing parties in order to prepare their case for trial - solely on agreement of the parties to a lawsuit.
gov and Indiana Attorney General's office launched the Hope Card Program in an effort to provide Hoosiers with a new informational tool that will also aid law enforcement in quickly identifying persons who violate protective orders.
In 2009, the first year in which that county dedicated a court to protective orders, AVDA reports 3,000 were issued.
When the JA receives the GAO protective order in the protest, can unrestricted information be sent to protester's counsel?
Collins did not show that the trial court abused its discretion in granting the Regian's motion for a protective order.
The district court again affirmed the protective order but certified the discovery issue for interlocutory appeal.
The victim also should be encouraged to file a petition for a protective order.
A protective order requires that following arrest or the issuance of a citation, an abuser may not contact the victim nor enter the premises of her residence or temporary dwelling.
Prior to the passage of the bill, which was signed into law by Governor Deval Patrick in February 2010, victims did not qualify for a protective order, as Massachusetts law afforded victims of abuse the right to a protective order only if the perpetrator had a family, household, or substantial dating relationship.

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