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a court order issued to a person or company requiring them to desist from behaving in ways which are harmful to other people. See CONTRACT, TORT.


A court order requiring a party to do something,or to stop doing something,until further notice.If the party fails to perform according to the injunction, then the party will be required to appear in court, defend his or her actions, and show cause why he or she should not be held in contempt of court.If held in contempt,the party may be ordered to pay a fine,may be jailed until the contempt is cured,or could suffer both consequences.

Injunctions come in three varieties:

1. Temporary restraining order (TRO). Usually obtainable with little or no notice to the defendant, sometimes as quickly as within an hour or so if the complaining party can convince a judge that there is immediate risk of irreparable harm if the restraining order is not issued.

2. Preliminary injunction. Usually issued after a TRO, if the judge decides that an injunction should remain in effect until such time as there can be a full trial on the merits of the case. Failure to obtain a TRO does not mean a judge will not issue a preliminary injunc- tion; it simply means the judge did not agree with the plaintiff's evaluation of the neces- sity for urgent action.

3. Final injunction. The final order issued by a court after it has heard all the evidence and legal arguments for and against the injunction. The order is a final order, from which the parties may appeal.

References in periodicals archive ?
70) In March of 2015, the Council met to discuss the reported responses to the June 2014 questionnaire and subsequent steps needed in the field of cross-border civil protection orders.
abuse victims face in obtaining civil protection orders.
process for obtaining protection orders in Pennsylvania and using the
The abilities of competent bodies are reconfigured to allow the enforcing of the court's decision represented by the protection order.
Regulating the protection order in Romanian law was modelled on the existing similar institutions in other legal systems, as well as discussions on the European protection order.
It appears that many interim protection orders are not served promptly, with 40% apparently being served 10 days or more after being issued, 24% served 20 days or more late, 11% served only one month later, and a few apparently being served more than two months after being issued.
The APA has been a successful vehicle for those experiencing abuse; approximately 40,000 victims of domestic violence seek civil protection orders to end violence against themselves and their children in Massachusetts each year.
The Forced Marriage Protection Orders allow police to serve banning orders on families and seize the passports of people they fear may be whisked abroad and married against their will.
Access to protection orders for women experiencing domestic violence has recently been identified as a problem in New Zealand, and ways of addressing this problem are now being developed.

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