profit

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Profit

Revenue minus cost. The amount one makes on a transaction.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Profit

A company's total revenue less its operating expenses, interest paid, depreciation, and taxes. For example, suppose a widget manufacturer earns $1,000,000 in total revenue. The widgets cost $200,000 to make and his administrative and payroll expenses total $250,000. He also must subtract $50,000 in depreciation on his widget manufacturing equipment and pay $200,000 in taxes. His net income is stated as: $1,000,000 - $200,000 - $250,000 - $50,000 - $200,000 = $300,000.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

profit

Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

Profit.

Profit, which is also called net income or earnings, is the money a business has left after it pays its operating expenses, taxes, and other current bills.

When you invest, profit is the amount you make when you sell an asset for a higher price than you paid for it. For example, if you buy a stock at $20 a share and sell it at $30 a share, your profit is $10 a share minus sales commission and capital gains tax if any.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

profit

the difference that arises when a firm's SALES REVENUE is greater than its total COSTS. GROSS PROFIT is the difference between SALES REVENUE and the COST OF SALES, while NET PROFIT is equal to gross profit less selling distribution, administration and financing costs. PROFIT AFTER TAX is the net profit attributable to shareholders after taxes have been paid.

Profit depends on two main factors:

  1. average profit margins or profit per £1 of sales. If costs increase the profit margins will be squeezed; if competition forces selling prices downward margins will be similarly squeezed, and vice versa;
  2. sales turnover. Any increase in sales value will tend to increase profits. See PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

profit

the difference that arises when a firm's TOTAL REVENUE is greater than its TOTAL COSTS. This definition of‘economic profit’ differs from that used conventionally by businessmen (accountingprofit) in that accounting profit takes into account only explicit costs. Economic profit can be viewed in terms of:
  1. the return accruing to enterprise owners (entrepreneurs) after the payment of all EXPLICIT COSTS (payments such as wages to outside factor-input suppliers) and all IMPLICIT COSTS (payments for the use of factor inputs - capital, labour - supplied by the owners themselves);
  2. a residual return to the owner(s) of a firm (an individual ENTREPRENEUR or group of SHAREHOLDERS) for providing capital and for risk-bearing;
  3. the ‘reward’ to entrepreneurs for organizing productive activity, for innovating new products, etc., and for risk taking;
  4. the prime mover of a PRIVATE ENTERPRISE ECONOMY serving to allocate resources between competing end uses in line with consumer demands;
  5. in aggregate terms, a source of income and thus included as part of NATIONAL INCOME. See also PROFIT MAXIMIZATION, NORMAL PROFIT, ABOVE-NORMAL PROFIT, RISK AND UNCERTAINTY, NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTS.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The intuition for Proposition 6 is the same as that for Proposition 4: TR can reduce producers' surplus, and therefore welfare, when it changes the two firms' marginal costs in a way that enables an inefficient firm to steal market share from an efficient firm.
In a monopoly, TR always improves welfare: it has a positive impact on the environment, on consumers' surplus, and on producers' surplus. However, in a Cournot duopoly, TR can reduce welfare.
As noted, however, even if the premium is reduced, as might be expected in the case of a nonprofit insurer or a buyers' cooperative, the potential still exists for a reduction in overall welfare, because the loss of producers' surplus is larger than the gain in consumers' surplus.
This follows my earlier discussion that the primary inefficiency associated with monopsony is loss of producers' surplus (or as citizens qua suppliers), not loss of consumers' surplus.
The change in industry producers' surplus per firm (B) that would result from affirmative decisions on all n petitions in case j is equal to:
Since on ly LVF imports are restricted, the change in producers' surplus is weighted by the percentage of total imports of product i affected by the ITC's decision ([LFVMPORT.sub.i!/[TMPORT.sub.i!).