civil law

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civil law

legal arrangements whereby the State acts as an impartial judge of a dispute between two parties, the plaintiff, who sues and the defendant; the plaintiff usually requires damages which are a form of monetary compensation paid to him by the defendant. Civil law can be invoked for breach of CONTRACT or behaviour which constitutes a TORT and if the plaintiff wins his case he will receive damages to compensate him financially for the harm done to him by the defendant. As an alternative to damages the court may instead grant an injunction ordering the defendant to stop doing the act which is harming the plaintiff. Civil law judgements are enforced by the threat of imprisonment for contempt of court.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

civil law

A system of laws with its origins in Roman and French statutes rather than the judicial decisions of English common law.See common law.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rudiger Wolfrum, The Legislative History of Articles 20 and 21 of the Statute of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, 63 RABELS ZEITSCHRIFT FUR AUSLADISCHES UND INTERNATIONALS PRIVATRECHT [RABELSZ.] 342, 345 (1999) (F.R.G.).
Loi federale sur le droit international prive, Bundesgesetz uber das Internationale Privatrecht, Dec.
See also the announcement in 3 RABELS ZEITSCHRIFT FOR AUSLANDISCHES UND INTERNATIONALES PRIVATRECHT 405 (1929).
(52) Coing, Helmut, Derecho privado europeo, (traduccion y apostillas de Antonio Perez Martin, titulo original Europaisches Privatrecht), 2 tomos, I.
(7.) See James Gordley, The Achievement of Baldus de Ubaldis (132?-1400), 2000 ZEISCHRIFT FOR EUROPAISCHES PRIVATRECHT 820, 821.