civil law

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civil law

legal arrangements whereby the State acts as an impartial judge of a dispute between two parties, the plaintiff, who sues and the defendant; the plaintiff usually requires damages which are a form of monetary compensation paid to him by the defendant. Civil law can be invoked for breach of CONTRACT or behaviour which constitutes a TORT and if the plaintiff wins his case he will receive damages to compensate him financially for the harm done to him by the defendant. As an alternative to damages the court may instead grant an injunction ordering the defendant to stop doing the act which is harming the plaintiff. Civil law judgements are enforced by the threat of imprisonment for contempt of court.

civil law

A system of laws with its origins in Roman and French statutes rather than the judicial decisions of English common law.See common law.

References in periodicals archive ?
194) Ernst Rabel, << Die Fachgebiete des Kaiser-Wilhelm-Instituts fur auslandisches und internationales Privatrecht >> dans Rabel, Gesammelte Aufsatze, supra note 170, vol 3, 180 aux pp 191-92.
VON BAR, Konturen des Deliktrechtskonzepts der Study Group on a European Civil Code-Ein Werkstattbericht, 9, Zeitschrift fur Europaisches Privatrecht, 515 (2001).
6) No original: "Die Personlichkeitsrecht sind Privatrechte", in Gierke, Deutsches Privatrecht, cit.
1989) [hereinafter 5 LOS CONVENTION COMMENTARY]; Jiirgen Basedow, The Law Applicable to the Substance of Private Litigation before the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, 63 RABELS ZEITSCHRIFT FUR AUSLANDISCHES UND INTERNATIONALS PRIVATRECHT [RARELSZ.
Loi federale sur le droit international prive, Bundesgesetz uber das Internationale Privatrecht, Dec.
See also the announcement in 3 RABELS ZEITSCHRIFT FOR AUSLANDISCHES UND INTERNATIONALES PRIVATRECHT 405 (1929).
Professor Lookofsky has been a visiting professor at the Universitat Freiburg Institut fur Internationales Privatrecht and here at Duke Law School.
1400), 2000 ZEISCHRIFT FOR EUROPAISCHES PRIVATRECHT 820, 821.
Apuleius ron Madaura und das romische Privatrecht, Lepizig, 1912, p.