subsidiarity

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Subsidiarity

In Catholic social justice theory, the idea that decisions should be made at the lowest feasible level of governance. That is, subsidiarity states that humans, while basically the same, sometimes have different needs and if possible should be able to solve their own problems without having solutions imposed upon them. This concept has been used to criticize socialism and state regulation more generally. See also: Solidarity.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

subsidiarity

a principle enshrined in the MAASTRICHT TREATY which affirms that, wherever possible, decision-making in the EUROPEAN UNION (EU) should be ‘taken as close as possible to the citizens’ affected. This implies that matters affecting all member countries need to be resolved at an EU-wide level whereas matters affecting only an individual member country are best left to the member concerned. See SOCIAL CHAPTER, COMPETITION POLICY (EU).
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

subsidiarity

a term used in the context of the position of the EUROPEAN UNION (EU) authorities vis-à-vis individual member countries with regard to the locus of power and responsibilities in the application of central EU policies to member countries. For example, EU COMPETITION LAWS take precedence over the national competition laws of member countries. However, a subsidiarity provision can be invoked, which permits the competition authority of a member country to request permission from the EU Competition Directorate to investigate a particular dominant firm or merger case if it appears that the ‘European dimension’ is relatively minor compared to its purely local impact.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, although initially it was received with reluctance, the principle of subsidiarity succeeded in obtaining a normal position in the public and political debates of post-communist Romania.
remember the principle of subsidiarity. If we are concerned with
Additionally, one of the pillars of that doctrine will be the principle of subsidiarity. This process is insightfully explained in Patrick McKinley's chapter, which starts with the doctrinal work of Popes Pius IX and Leo XIII.
The principle of subsidiarity holds that higher levels of authority should not usurp functions that can be performed better, more efficiently and with greater personal care at lower levels.
The more faithfully the principle of subsidiarity is followed and a hierarchical order prevails among the various organizations, the more excellent will be the authority and efficiency of society.
He started by defining his topic: "The principle of subsidiarity, in sociological or political theory, means that higher levels of government...should intervene in the functioning of lower levels only when necessary, and should assume control only over matters that cannot be handled effectively at the level of the individual, small group, or lower level of society".
I think this is a policy area where the principle of subsidiarity should be carefully considered".
The purpose of this article is to explore the theoretical implications of the principle of subsidiarity for the just-wage debate, and in particular, to examine whether it is legitimate to cite Catholic social teaching in support of federal minimum-wage legislation.
19th century: Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Rerum Novarum stressed the principle of subsidiarity, that is, decisions should be made, if possible, at the lowest level of society, not the highest.
Further, in my un-nuanced reading of Rerum Novarum, I see the principle of subsidiarity as being akin to the ideas of our capitalism--not unfettered capitalism, but the capitalism that says that folks should get to make choices.
The proposals include: # Ensuring direct consultation with regional administrations before legislation is made through an addition to the proposed new Constitutional Treaty of the European Union; # Reinforcing the principle of subsidiarity, where decisions are made at the most local practical level, through a reference in the new Treaty specifically acknowledging the role of the regions; # Strengthening the Committee of the Regions to give it more punch in the Brussels policy-making machinery.

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