In the absence of loan supply from sponsor-driven M&As, CLOs may remain price-takers
and legacy borrowers could undertake dividend recapitalisations, so long as expected recoveries on new senior instruments remain consistent with coverage tests.
Producers are price-takers
in the domestic and global economy.
Most economies will be price-takers
. Those other economies that are harmed or likely to be harmed could take measures to protect their own interests.
Analysts said, 'Metro's deposit funding cost is now comparable to UK high street banks but we remain unconvinced that this represents an enduring competitive advantage, as we expect challenger banks to ultimately be price-takers
in the deposit market.'
Wu, "Optimal pricing strategies under co-existence of price-takers
and bargainers in a supply chain," Journal of the Operational Research Society, vol.
Fishers involved in the trade across the Philippines are 'price-takers
,' and poverty remains widespread in their communities.
He added: "We are encouraging the EU to take action to make sure farmers are not just price-takers
but also a price-maker.
(2) Japan, according to Miles Kahler, has acted since the 1980s in a way "that might change the existing system by its behavior, as a 'price maker' rather than a 'price taker.'" (3) While leading players in global affairs, such as the great powers, are usually "price-makers of the system," it is conversely assumed that adjusting to accommodate the actions of these price makers is the perennial role of the smaller states, "the price-takers
in the system." (4) This notion is often deployed by policy elites, particularly in the tiny Southeast Asian city-state of Singapore, whose population numbers 5 million and, with 714 square kilometers of land area, is less than half the size of London.
They're frequently price-takers
on both ends, wielding little clout with their suppliers or customers.
The simulation of the joint markets yields the demand for permits, resulting from electricity producers' unabated emissions as they behave a` la Cournot in the electricity market but behave as price-takers
in the permit market.
They are not the passive "price-takers
" depicted by orthodox economic models but more or less consciously collude.
The concentration of processing and distribution companies must not reduce dairy farmers to "mere price-takers
" and must not restrict opportunities for final consumers to benefit fairly from decreases in prices.