They found that, in the presence of severe and generalized periodontitis, preterm delivery
is 3.9 times more likely compared with women with a healthy periodontium.
Iron supplementation may improve lymphocyte stimulation thus decreased risk of antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum infection and preterm delivery
. We therefore propose that routine iron supplementation should be given during pregnancy and postpartum to cover losses during delivery and lactation.
was diagnosed in those pregnant women who had delivery within 7 days of administration of tocolytic treatment and glucocorticosteroid therapy.
A recent meta-analysis of 3 trials including 3,200 women at high risk for preterm delivery
at 34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks of gestation reported that the corticosteroid administration reduced newborn risk for transient tachypnea of the newborn (relative risk [RR], 0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56-0.92), severe respiratory distress syndrome (RR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.33-0.94), and use of surfactant (RR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.38-0.99).
For women with preeclampsia, the risk of preterm delivery
was three times greater than it was for women who were not affected.
Maternal hematological status and risk of low birth weight and preterm delivery
Risk factors for preterm delivery
Maternal demographic characteristics * Young or advanced maternal age * Black race * Low socioeconomic status Unhealthy lifestyle * Tobacco use * Substance abuse * Low or high prepregnancy body mass index Pregnancy history * Short interpregnancy interval * Previous preterm delivery
* Multiple gestations Pregnancy complications * Placental abruption or previa * Polyhydramnios * Oligohydramnios Maternal medical disorders * Thyroid disease * Obesity * Asthma * Diabetes * Hypertension Mental health * Psychological or social stress * Depression Fertility treatments * Assisted reproductive technology (ART) * Non-ART fertility treatments Intrauterine infection Finally, multiple gestations have a higher preterm birth risk.
Researchers concluded omega-3 fatty acids may be effective in preventing early and preterm delivery
. "The intervention is simple and easily available and has the potential to influence population based strategies in the prevention of preterm birth," they wrote.
Out of the 28 women having preterm delivery
, 18 (38.3%) were of 21-25 years of age group, 5 (15.2%) were of 26-30 years and 5 (15.6%) were of 31-35 years of age group (p=0.042).
However, serum CRP levels exceeding the threshold defined in the literature were associated with the increased risk of preterm delivery
(odds ratio=2.55, 95% CI: 1.05-6.02 for CRP levels [greater than or equal to] 8 mg/L).
In the past three decades there have been many efforts to develop the appropriate methods that will correctly predict preterm delivery
. Obstetric history, clinical symptoms, epidemiological risk factors, maternal indicators, such as age and anthropometric parameters, pregnancy characteristics (e.g.
Although teenage girls had a significantly higher proportion of very preterm delivery
and VLBW babies, perinatal mortality rate was not significantly higher in this group.