# time value of money

(redirected from Present discounted value)
Also found in: Acronyms.

## Time value of money

The idea that a dollar today is worth more than a dollar in the future, because the dollar received today can earn interest up until the time the future dollar is received.

## Time Value of Money

A fundamental idea in finance that money that one has now is worth more than money one will receive in the future. Because money can earn interest or be invested, it is worth more to an economic actor if it is available immediately. This concept applies to many contracts; for example, a trade in which payment is delayed will often require compensation for the time value of money. This concept may be thought of as a financial application of the saying, "A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush."

## time value of money

The concept that holds that a specific sum of money is more valuable the sooner it is received. Time value of money is dependent not only on the time interval being considered but also the rate of discount used in calculating current or future values.

## Time value of money.

The time value of money is money's potential to grow in value over time.

Because of this potential, money that's available in the present is considered more valuable than the same amount in the future.

For example, if you were given \$100 today and invested it at an annual rate of only 1%, it could be worth \$101 at the end of one year, which is more than you'd have if you received \$100 at that point.

In addition, because of money's potential to increase in value over time, you can use the time value of money to calculate how much you need to invest now to meet a certain future goal. Many financial websites and personal investment handbooks help you calculate these amounts based on different interest rates.

Inflation has the reverse effect on the time value of money. Because of the constant decline in the purchasing power of money, an uninvested dollar is worth more in the present than the same uninvested dollar will be in the future.

## time value of money

see DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
Plan beneficiaries are concerned about the present discounted value of expected future pension payments, which we call the benefit value ([B.sub.t]) henceforth.
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Firms maximize the present discounted value of profits.
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Therefore, we proxy these terms using the present discounted value of earnings of employed workers of the given educational level and the unemployment rate of workers of the given education level upon graduation.
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This value expression indicates that the property value is the present discounted value of the developed net income stream, where the rate of discount includes not only the interest rate r but also the tax rate |Tau~.
An individual will quit his/her job if tie expected present discounted value of the current job is less than the expected present discounted value of the next best alternative, net of moving costs.

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