Pregnancy Discrimination Act

(redirected from Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978)

Pregnancy Discrimination Act

Legislation in the United States, passed in 1978, requiring companies with 15 or more employees to treat pregnant women the same as all other employees. That is, employers cannot fire or refuse to give hours to a woman on account of pregnancy, childbirth or a similar condition.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 (PDA) amended Title VII to include discrimination based on pregnancy.
(5) Congress responded by enacting the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 two years later, effectively overturning this decision.
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 can be interpreted in two obvious ways: one interpretation requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for pregnant employees, and the other does not require such accommodations.
Chronological treatment progresses from the 1890s through the New Deal, Title VII, the Equal Rights Amendment, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, and the Johnson Controls decision of 1991.
85, 89 (1983) ("Congress overcame the Gilbert ruling by enacting [section] 1 of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978....").
Previously, pregnant women had been protected under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, but the law had been implemented in varying ways, and had been successfully rebuffed in several lower court decisions.
Congress passed the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 (PDA) with a specific purpose in mind--to override the Supreme Court's refusal in a 1976 case to see pregnancy discrimination as a form of sex discrimination under Title VII.
While the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission prohibit discrimination against expectant mothers or discrimination on the basis of gender, Clark said that employers can still find ways to replace a mother on maternity leave.
After a history and overview, chapters are organized by specific legislation: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act; the Americans with Disabilities Act; the Age Discrimination in Employment Act; the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008; the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978; and the Equal Pay Act.
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 (Committee Print prepared for the
Indeed, it took enactment of a federal law--the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, which requires all but the smallest employers' health plans to cover pregnancy-related care--to change the situation.