Pregnancy Discrimination Act

(redirected from Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978)

Pregnancy Discrimination Act

Legislation in the United States, passed in 1978, requiring companies with 15 or more employees to treat pregnant women the same as all other employees. That is, employers cannot fire or refuse to give hours to a woman on account of pregnancy, childbirth or a similar condition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Such alleged conduct violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended by the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 (PDA), and Title I of the Civil Rights Act of 1991.
The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 can be interpreted in two obvious ways: one interpretation requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for pregnant employees, and the other does not require such accommodations.
Chronological treatment progresses from the 1890s through the New Deal, Title VII, the Equal Rights Amendment, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, and the Johnson Controls decision of 1991.
85, 89 (1983) ("Congress overcame the Gilbert ruling by enacting [section] 1 of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978.
Previously, pregnant women had been protected under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, but the law had been implemented in varying ways, and had been successfully rebuffed in several lower court decisions.
Congress passed the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 (PDA) with a specific purpose in mind--to override the Supreme Court's refusal in a 1976 case to see pregnancy discrimination as a form of sex discrimination under Title VII.
While the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission prohibit discrimination against expectant mothers or discrimination on the basis of gender, Clark said that employers can still find ways to replace a mother on maternity leave.
Indeed, it took enactment of a federal law--the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, which requires all but the smallest employers' health plans to cover pregnancy-related care--to change the situation.
In response to the Gilbert decision, Congress amended Title VII by passing the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978.
rejected by Congress in the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 (PDA).
Both the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and a federal court have held that it is unlawful sex discrimination in the workplace under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and specifically the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, to exclude contraception from an employee health insurance plan when the plan covers other prescriptions.
In addition to the $220,000 judgment, Wal-Mart agreed to engage in comprehensive training concerning the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978.