The preferential hiring
policy defines three categories of individuals within each of the two racial groups, which I will call "marginals," "successes," and "failures." Marginals are those whose hiring status is altered by the policy--either whites not hired who otherwise would have been, or blacks hired who otherwise would not have been.
There was a significant difference between the topic of Question 1 (Quotas) and the topic of Question 2 (Preferential Hiring
and Promotion) which may account for the different significance levels obtained for each.
The right is now portraying this strategic withdrawal as yet another cowardly attempt to avoid debating preferential hiring
: "With defeat looming, affirmative action supporters have decided on a new weapon: the gag," railed James Glassman of the American Enterprise Institute.
The second part notes that senior professors, especially those in the discipline of philosophy, are aware that extra burdens have been placed on young male scholars by programs of preferential hiring
. The third part then presents argument that the senior male professorate has both a general obligation, as societal members, to retire early and a special obligation, as senior male professors, to retire early.
Under the definition of equal employment opportunity, the categories of "passive nondiscrimination" and "pure affirmative action" are situated; under the definition of affirmative action are found the remaining three categories of "preferential hiring
," "flexible goals and timetables," and "hard quotas and firm time-tables." These last three categories are in the process of being phased out through judicial restrictions, executive branch modifications, and legislative action.
Companies such as IBM, Xerox, American Express, Walt Disney, KFC, and Price Waterhouse have established aggressive preferential hiring
systems for minorities.
Provisions established preferential hiring
lists with private employers who take over State government operations, instituted hiring freezes to create openings for laid-off employees or those targeted for layoff, continued State-paid health care coverage for a limited transition period, and provided training for laid-off employees to enable them to qualify for job openings.
The BSA rank of Eagle, and participation in Explorer Scouting, is rewarded by public and private employers through promotions or preferential hiring
. Completing an Eagle, with its numerous (albeit superficial) achievements, is highly regarded.
Although this decision was criticized as being contrary to the plain language of Title VII,(13) it formed the basis for the adoption, and judicial approval, of preferential hiring
and promotional programs.
Again and again, the Challenge and Promise writers affirm that the Catholic university must create a majority, or at least a critical mass, of believers and give preferential hiring
to Catholics or non-Catholics who are explicitly committed to promoting the university's Catholic identity.
Northeastern University, for example, is giving preferential hiring
to openly gay faculty, who can "serve as role models" for homosexual students!
She says that store employees will get preferential hiring
, but corporate-level Medicare-Glaser employees will not be interviewed.