The reasons for private law's reluctance to require beneficiaries to contribute to the internalization of positive externalities
lie in considerations of autonomy and preference for pre-activity agreements, especially if the activity is sufficiently profitable for its doer, so that the "free riding" by the beneficiary will not undermine the activity altogether.
Using a sample of Compustat firms for the period of 1975-2012, I document evidence for positive externalities
of R&D investments.
The production tax credit is properly understood as a Pigouvian subsidy to correct positive externalities
We find loss aversion at work in policymaking as well: negative externalities, we suggest, are often viewed as a call to action, while positive externalities
are viewed merely as an occasion for celebration.
We then gauge whether it is indeed those local governments that face the largest positive externalities
which undertake the most aggressive development policies.
Given the nature of the public and in accordance with the economic approaches described by Jaffe (1996), the research and development externalities can be taken as an example of positive externality, in fact, the concept of positive externalities
is very closely related to the concept of "public good".
ACI says at the meeting there was strong consensus from all airports, local and regional authorities and MEPs: "on the absolute need for the proposed guidelines to be amended to better reflect and support airports' positive externalities
and in particular their contribution to the economy and jobs.
target plus the positive externalities
that its ownership of the target
Depending on their capacity to adapt, during the expansion or boom of the global economy, developing countries such as Turkey try to assimilate and internalize positive externalities
of this environment in order to attain a sustainable development path by mobilizing domestic resources such as human capital, savings, organizational capability and so forth.
But realising these positive externalities
does require that AFSs are actually used.
Government policymakers should weigh the negative externalities, such as those caused by traffic congestion, against the positive externalities
, such as those associated with enhanced urban access.
In fact, besides reducing terrorism, I can see more value in the countless other positive externalities