# population

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Related to Population size: population growth, Sample size

## population

1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

## population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Many studies on the distribution and population size, diving behavior, time budgets and rhythm of this bird have been carried out in China (He et al., 2006; Lin et al., 2008; Ren et al., 2008; Wang et al., 2010; Shao et al., 2010a, b, 2012a; Yi et al., 2010; Shao and Chen, 2017).
While ECP has upheld the legal delimitation principles of geographical compactness and respect for the existing boundaries of administrative units, the principle of equality of vote is compromised in as many as 81 National Assembly constituencies where the variation in population size exceeds the ordinarily permissible legal limit of 10%.
From an ecological point of view hunting of stable or increasing bird populations is acceptable if it takes into account the conservation status of the species at European and national levels and if it does not negatively affect the distribution, population size and social structure of the populations (Robin et al.
The absolute and the effective number of founders and ancestors, the number of full traced generation, the equivalent complete generation, the maximum number of generation traced, effective population size and inbreeding rate considering various generation definition, etc., were also obtained (Lacy, 1989; Maignel et al., 1996; Biochard et al., 1997; Gutierrez et al., 2009; Cervantes et al., 2011).
While large and small communities have different well-being advantages, communities of all population sizes have experienced declines in well-being of roughly equal size this year.
Louis - authors of (http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/694568) the paper -&nbsp;looked at population sizes and deaths from intergroup conflicts among a variety of groups.
Small population size and increased isolation can cause genetic erosion, increased genetic divergence via random drift, increased inbreeding, reduced gene flow, disrupted pollination, and increased probability of local extinction [2-4].
This works fairly in the House of Representatives - the lower chamber where membership reflects population size - but in the upper chamber, all states get two senators.
Analysis of the Home Office stats also revealed that black people were by far the most disproportionately frisked ethnic group based on population size in the West Midlands.
Per capita income is calculated as Gross National Product (GNP) at market prices in dollar term divided by country's population size.
But Mawut Achiek, the secretary general in new Jonglei state said dividing assets and debts by population size was an easy and fair method so far.
It mapped out the UK's start-up landscape over the past two years and compared it with the population size of each city, providing a leaderboard of the most entrepreneurial cities in the nation.

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