# population

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## population

1. the total number of people resident in a country at a particular point in time. The UK, for example, had a population of 59 million people in 2004. The size of the population is determined by past and present birth and death rates, together with net migration trends – the number of people leaving the country to live abroad (emigration) compared with the number entering the country to take up residence (immigration). The UK birth rate is currently 11 births per 1000 of the population per annum and the death rate 10 per 1000 of the population per annum. In most advanced countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run because of rising living standards and improved medical care; this has produced slow-growing, ageing populations.

The total size of the population and its composition in terms of proportion of males to females and age-group distributions, combined with various SOCIOECONOMIC factors influencing buying characteristics, are important to businesses in assessing the market potential for their products.

2. all possible observations of a certain phenomenon in statistical analysis, for example incomes of all people resident in a country. Where it is too time-consuming and expensive to record all possible observations it is necessary to take a SAMPLE, for example the incomes of 1000 citizens, and generalize about the incomes of all citizens from this sample. See STATISTICAL INFERENCE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
Fig. 144 Population. The UK birth and death rates, measured in numbers per 1,000 of the population, from 1740 to 2004.

## population

the total number of people resident in a country. The size of the population is determined by past and present BIRTH RATES and DEATH RATES as well as MIGRATION trends. In most advanced industrial countries, both birth and death rates have declined over the long run (see DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION), which has produced slow-growing populations. The size and growth of a country's population determine the size of the LABOUR FORCE that is available to produce output, a country's GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT divided by its population providing a measure of the country's general prosperity (see INCOME PER HEAD). In 2004 the UK's population was 59 million (see Fig. 144 ). By comparison, the population of Germany was 82 million, the USA 288 million, Japan 127 million, India 1,048 million and China 1,281 million.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Population density was calculated by dividing total number of birds observed by the total area surveyed in Km2.
The average population density in South Sharqiyah was 26.3 per sq km, up 0.3 from 2017.
Using its machine learning capabilities, Facebook started developing population density maps to provide better tools to support connectivity efforts around the world.
The three maps include population density maps with demographic estimates, movement maps, and network coverage maps.
Highest population density (0.107 animal/ha) was recorded in Chittarpari locality, followed by D 4 (0.098 animal/ha) and Chechian (0.092 animal/ha), while lowest population density (0.052 animal/ha) was recorded at Naugran locality (Table I).
It spans across the city from the south to the north to connect more than 25 neighborhoods with high population density. The landmark project includes the first suspended causeway in the State of Qatar, which is 1,200 meters long, and a 2.6 km.-long overpass; the country's longest.
Due to a change in population density, Punjab will be the net loser in case the status quo is maintained, which may push it to make a strong case for changing both horizontal and vertical distribution of resources.
class="MsoNormalKiambu, which neighbours Nairobi city, has a relatively high population density, with 749 people sharing a square kilometre, a figure not far from Nyamira's 794.
Using city-level incidence data, base transmission potential was positively correlated with population size and with spatiotemporal organization in population density in the presence of climate forcing.
The summary was made after a meeting, the second, between ministry officials and the committee of Population Density, Identification and Population Density Statistics.
While district level population density, average household size, literacy ratios for females were used as explanatory variables.
According to statistics from 2017, Taiwan possesses the second highest ratio of convenience stores per population density of any country in the world.

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