Zionism

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Zionism

The political view that Jews have a right to national homeland in Palestine roughly corresponding to the borders of Biblical Israel. Zionism emerged as a nationalist movement in 19th-century Europe as secular and assimilated Jews did not find wide acceptance in European society. Many, though not all, early Zionists were socialists; this led to the establishment of communal farms in Palestine. Religious Zionism was initially a minor part of the movement, but has grown in importance since the 1960s. After the establishment of the States of Israel in 1948, the Zionist movement has concentrated on maintaining or expanding Israel's borders and/or influence. Proponents of Zionism believe a Jewish homeland is the only place Jews can be perfectly safe from persecution, while critics contend that Palestinian Arabs have been displaced and discriminated against since the early 20th century.
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In the largest, most comprehensive biography of Jacob Schiff to date, Naomi Cohen argues that Schiff "envisioned an under-taking [sic] joining Zionists and non-Zionists, Orthodox and Reform, on a non-political platform--not to advance the progress of political Zionism but to foster Jewish unity.
It is in this sense, as I hope to show, that Rosenzweig's theology not only goes hand in hand with his charge against a historicist temporality which constitutes a territorial imagination but also issues a challenge to political Zionism from out of the sources of Judaic thought itself.
Although modern political Zionism (especially that of the early twentieth century) evokes biblical metaphors of diaspora and return to "the land of our fathers," we should not confuse the modern political use of biblical themes with the presence of similar political ideas in ancient times and in rather different cultural contexts.
The claim that political Zionism expressed 2,000 years of yearning for Jewish political and religious self-determination is a modern myth-invented in Europe in the mid to late nineteenth century (21) .
After 34 years as an Israeli, only this year--the 150th anniversary of Herzl's birth--am I moved to take the measure of the indispensable man, the galvanizing force of political Zionism whose efforts so altered the course of my life.
What is most evident in his 1946 booklet, Palestine peace and prosperity or war and destruction, Political Zionism undemocratic, unjust, dangerous, is his relative indifference to the rights of the Jewish victims of Nazism.
Political Zionism would have to become cultural Zionism, adapting Judaism to the individualist culture of liberalism.
Here Anderson parts company with writers such as Stephen Sizer, whose recent book, Christian Zionism: Road Map to Armageddon (InterVarsity Press, 2005) claims a definitive role for premillennial dispensationalism in lending support to the aims of political Zionism.
What I am against is political Zionism, which is driving the country now.
Political Zionism, aiming to create a Jewish colonial state in Palestine, preceded the Holocaust and the Nazis.
We are unalterably opposed to political Zionism," a group of Reform rabbis declared in 1898.
Azoury studied and formulated his nationalist ideas in Dreyfus-era Paris, the same place and time in which Herzl first articulated the principles of political Zionism.